Interwar Years and WWII Essential Vocabulary Isolationists vs. Internationalists: Neutrality Acts: ‘35, ’36, ’37, ‘39 America First Committee Manchuria Ethiopia Spanish Civil War Munich Appeasement Invasion of China Invasion of Poland Atlantic Charter Cash/Carry Destroyer/Base Lend Lease Spring 1940 Hitler/Stalin Barbarossa Dunkirk, Battle of Britain Enigma, Magic, Radar North Atlantic Escort Zone Pacific Imperialism Embargos Pearl Harbor Home Front: Peace time draft Financing the war Ending Great Depression Rationing Arsenal for Democracy Civil Defense Roles of Women, African-American, Chinese-Americans, Mexican-Americans, Mexicans Internment of Japanese-Americans (west coast influence) 442nd Most Decorated Supreme Court Cases on Internment Anti-Semitism in the American Government Loose Lips Sink Ships European War: Defeat Hitler, hold the line against Japan El Alamein, Tunis Kasserine Pass Sicily Italian Front/Rome Stalingrad Daylight Bombings Allied Conferences: Morocco, Tehran, Yalta, Potsdam Second Front D-Day Ardennes/Bulge New Market Rhine Liberation of Camps River Elbe Fall of Berlin V-E Day Pacific War Douglas MacArthur Fall of the Philippines Bataan Death March James Doolittle/Raid Midway Coral Sea Island Hopping Tarawa Atoll (Gilbert Islands) Amphtrac Kwajalein Atoll (Marshall Islands) Marianas Islands (Saipan, Tinian, Guam) Guadalcanal New Guinea Recapture the Philippines (Leyte Gulf) Kamikaze Iwo Jima Curtis LeMay: napalm Okinawa Japanese Terms for Surrender Manhattan Project Atomic bomb decision USS Indianapolis Tinian Enola Gay Little Boy & Fat Man Hiroshima Nagasaki V-J Day Post-War Dumbarton Oakes Conference International Military Tribunal Nuremberg War Crimes Trials Tokyo War Crimes Trials Interwar Years and WWII Essays/Essential Questions 1. Did our neutrality contribute to a longer war? 2. How did the “Home Front” help win the war? 3. How did the United States take the approach of defeat Hitler first? 4. While aggressively challenging Hitler, how did the United States hold the line against and eventually defeat Japan? 5. What motivated world leaders to both create the United Nations and hold war crimes trials after WWII? Remedial 1. Categorize the isolationist vs. internationalist ideas into the following categories: Neutrality Policy Appeasement Events Supporting the Allies (British) The Road to War 2. Categorize home front efforts: Building a military, supplying a military, homeland defense 3. Identify Allied successes against Hitler on each of the following fronts: Southern Front, Eastern Front, Western Front. 4. Identify American actions in the Pacific as stopping Japanese expansion, controlling the sea lanes, and defeating Japan. 5. Identify the failures of the Leagues of Nations and the policy of appeasement. Identify war time atrocities committed by both Japan and Germany. Enrichment 1. Compare and contrast America’s neutrality policies in WWI and WWII 2. Cracks in the home front: Zoot Suit Riots, Japanese Internment, Black Market, Segregated Military. 3. From the list of battles below, select one and demonstrate how it was a turning point in the European Theater by explaining how it was geographically and strategically important. Conclude by explaining how it fit into the Allied goal of defeating the NAZI’s. El Alamein, Monte Cassino, Normandy, Battle of the Bulge 4. Provide detailed examples of how Japanese history, philosophy, religion, and belief in racial superiority created an unquestioningly faithful devotion to the Emperor and his orders. 5. What if the Axis powers won the war and the Allies lost? Who would the Axis Powers have put on trial for crimes against humanity and for what reasons?