After the War Japanese American Internment 2. Executive Order 9066 – Feb. 19, 1942: President Roosevelt signs this order – Allows military to go around the constitution and place US citizens in internment camps – This led to the evacuation and mass incarceration of 120,000 Japanese Americans Yalta Conference – Near the end of the war. 1. What to do with Germany when the war ends. 2. Eastern Europe, occupied by USSR, can hold free elections after the war. 3. Soviets will enter the war against Japan 3 months after Germany is defeated. Potsdam Conference – How to run the post war world. Truman wanted to Soviets to live up to their agreements. Conference was a failure. Nuremburg Trials After the war, Nazis were put on trial for “crimes against humanity”. Nuremburg was a city where one of these trials took place. Herman Gӧering – Head of German Air Force. Killed himself before sentenced. Rudolf Hess – Hitler’s number two man. Was given life in prison. He lived until 1987. The Holocaust – This was Hitler’s Final Solution. He tried to rid the world of Jewish people.