Monday November 4, 2013 • Objective: SWBAT understand how third parties in America emerged and what role they play in the political process. • Drill: What are the functions of political parties? • Homework: Wilson, 239-249 reading quiz. 1 Political Parties • 1. 2. 3. Functions of Political Parties: Select & support candidates Inform citizens Speak to government on behalf of the people 4. Operate the government 5. Act as a “watchdog” over government 6. Link the different levels of government together. Platforms & Planks • Platform: A series of statements expressing the party’s principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues. • Plank: The term for each individual part of a party’s platform. • What are some Examples? Types of Parties Democratic History: - Supporters of President Andrew Jackson became known as democrats in order to stress their ties to “common” people. Types of Parties Republican History: - Formed in 1854 as a coalition of other minor parties who advocated the abolition of slavery in the north. - Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president. Types of Parties • Third Parties -Purpose: To promote ideas that are otherwise unpopular. -Types of Third Parties: 1. Single-Issue 2. Ideological 3. Independent Candidates Third Party DBQ • You are going to write an essay using documents. • Using those and your knowledge (or other sources) discuss the emergence of third parties in America by providing specific examples throughout history • Explain the third parties’ influence on mainstream politics and democracy in the United States. 7 Third Party DBQ • Paper should be at 2-3 pages. • Typed • Double spaced ( do not make a title that starts half way down the first page, you will not get credit for that) • Must fill out entire packet, use at least four documents • Well written, grammar and spelling do not count, but come on people. • Handed in with rubric • Due Friday November 8, 2013 Tuesday November 5, 2013 • OBJ: SWBAT understand different aspects of elections in America. • Drill: Who is this? What does it represent? What does it say about this whole process. • HW: Wilson pages 249259 SQ3R 9 10 Wednesday November 6, 2013 • OBJ: SWBAT understand the primary process, why its important and if it is fair. • Drill: What is the goal of a primary or a caucus? What potential barriers to success do they pose? Homework: complete yellow vocabulary sheet, definitions and importance (this is only 1/3 of your unit vocabulary). Only half credit will be given to definitions without explanations. 11 Ballot Debate • Watch the news clip and think about the following: – Language: What if any terms did the video use? Did they define any terms in an unusual way? Did they put two terms together in an unusual way? – Key Images: What were the most used images in the video? What motivations were the producers trying to encourage the viewers with the use of these images – Call to Action: What do producers of the video want viewers to do after seeing the video? What action do they want you to take – Summary: What were the producers’ goals for the video? Where the producers successful at meeting their goals? Why or why not? 12 Types of Elections • Primary: -The first part of a two-part election process. -Purpose: to narrow the field of candidates even further. One candidate per party is chosen during this step. Types of Elections -Types of Primaries: All primaries are direct – voters choose candidates to represent a party directly. 1. Closed – Only declared members of a party may vote in that party’s primary. 2. Open – Voters do not need to declare their party preference in order to vote. Types of Elections • Outcomes of Primaries: 1. Plurality: A candidate wins most of the votes and is declared the winner. Most states operate under this rule. 2. Majority: A candidate wins more than 50% of the total votes. Only a few states operate under this rule. Types of Elections • General: -Always take place the first Tuesday after the first Monday in Novemeber. -General elections include: *President (every four years) *House of Reps (every even-numbered year) *Senate (every 6th year depending upon the candidate) *Various local & state officials (i.e. governor) Special Circumstances • Runoff – When no candidate wins a clear majority of votes, a runoff election is held between the top two candidates. • Recall – An election called to determine if voters want to remove a sitting official from office before his/her term is up. • Ex: 2003 California gov. Gray Davis. Primaries who when and why? • Look over the list of 2012 Republican Primaries, notice the dates and any notes that are given about them. • Answer the questions on the back of your yellow vocabulary sheet. • Stop when you are asked to access information about your own state. • Be prepared to discuss after 10 minutes. 18 Setting Ground Rules Parties and Elections • Groups of 4-5 • Each party in a state gets to set the ground rules for their nomination process. • You will represent the Democratic party in MD. • Read over the different types of primary elections. • Select which type of primary and ballot you would choose and why 19 • Rate your choices and explain on the back Wrap Up • Write a response: – It is obvious that the primary process while important has some flaws. What are these, and as a member of your state party, how would you fix them? 20 Creating your own Political Party • In groups of 3 or 4 you will create various aspects of a political party – You will create a platform – Run for election – And finally vote… – By the end of today, you should have gotten in your group and began to brainstorm ideas on platform and name. 21 Wrap Up • What is your most important plank in your platform? Why? 22 Election Campaigning For a campaign, a candidate will need/use… • Endorsement • Canvassing • Propaganda • Fundraising • Political Ads Propaganda • Types: 1. Bandwagon – using language that makes voters feel they should support an issue because “everybody else is doing it” 2. Glittering generality – An appeal to emotions by using vague words which carry conviction. 3. Just Plain Folks – Telling voters that a candidate is “just like them” 4. Name-calling – Attaching negative labels to a cnadidate’s opponent. 5. Stack Cards – Using only facts that support a candidates argument and excluding other important facts. Political Ads • www.livingroomcandidate.org Fundraising • Because of the high cost of campaigning (tv ads, transportation, salaries, etc.) candidates must spend a lot of time raising money. • The Federal government has put several regulations on how they may do this. Fundraising (cont.) • FECA -Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971. -Hard money -Creation of FEC: Federal Elections Commission -Buckley v. Valeo (and you thought we were done with the Supreme Court…) Voting • Qualifications to Vote: -18 years old -Citizen of the U.S -Registered at least 25 days prior to the elections Voting (cont.) • Initiative: A way for citizens to propose new laws or amendments. • Proposition: When citizens have gained enough signatures on a petition for a new law/amendment, it becomes a proposition. • Referendum: A law that is put on the ballot in order for citizens to approve or reject it. Voting • Hours: 7am – 8pm • Location: -Polling Place: The actual location where you vote (schools, town halls, public buildings). -Precinct: The voting district where you reside. • Types of Ballots (p. 314) Voting (cont.) • Types of Ballots: 1. Absentee – Citizens who cannot get to their poll on election day due to health, travel, or military service may vote absentee. 2. Early – Citizens who fall under the absentee category may also visit their local elections office prior to election day in order to cast their ballot.