Level D, Voc 6A Daily 1. Atone – verb – to make up for Synonyms: expiate, make amends for 2. Bondage – noun – slavery; any state of being bound or held down Synonyms: servitude, captivity, subjection, dependence Antonyms: freedom, liberty, independence 3. Credible – adjective – believable Synonyms: plausible, acceptable, likely Antonyms: unbelievable, implausible, improbable 4. Defray – verb – to pay for Synonyms: settle, bear the cost, foot the bill 5. Diligent – adjective – hardworking, industrious, not lazy Synonyms: assiduous, sedulous Antonyms: lazy, indolent, cursory, perfunctory 6. Doleful – adjective – sad; dreary Synonyms: sorrowful, mournful, melancholy, dolorous Antonyms: cheerful, blithe, jaunty, buoyant 7. Ghastly – adjective – frightful, horrible; deathly pale Synonyms: dreadful, appalling, gruesome, grisly Antonyms: pleasant, agreeable, attractive, delightful 8. Hamper – verb – to hold back Synonyms: hinder, obstruct, impede, inhibit Antonyms: facilitate, ease, smooth the way 9. Hew – verb – to shape or cut down with an ax; to hold to Synonyms: chop, hack, fell, adhere, conform 10. Impoverished – adjective – poor, in a state of poverty; depleted Synonyms: poverty-stricken, destitute, indigent Antonyms: rich, wealthy, affluent, prosperous Name _______________________________ Level D Vocab 6A Cloze Identify the correct form of the vocabulary word which best completes each sentence. _______________________ 1. The huge piles of snow that cover the roads will greatly _____ the efforts of the rescue team to reach the stranded skiers. ________________________ 2. When the stock market collapsed in 1929, many wealthy speculators found themselves as _______ or poor as church mice. ________________________ 3. A student who is _____ and systematic in study habits will often do better than one who is brilliant but lazy. ________________________ 4. For thousands of years Native Americans used stone implements to ___ canoes out of logs and tree trunks. ________________________ 5. Lincoln said: “Familiarize yourself with the chains of _____ and you prepare your own limbs to wear them.” ________________________ 6. I shall never forget the _____ sight that greeted us when we arrived at the scene of the accident. ________________________ 7. I know that he will say anything to save his own skin, but I feel that in this case his account of the incident is _____ and should be accepted. ________________________ 8. I suppose bloodhounds may be as happy as other dogs, but they have the sad or _____ look of creatures who have lost their last friend. ________________________ 9. Saying “I’m sorry” is a good way to begin to ____ for the suffering or harm that you have done to another person. ________________________10. To help _____ the expenses that I would incur on the senior class trip to Washington, I worked as a baby-sitter. Name ____________________________ Level D Vocab 6A Synonyms/Antonyms Synonyms: Choose the word from this week’s vocabulary words which is most nearly the same as the bold word in the given phrase. ________________________ 1. Restrictions that impede progress ________________________ 2. Averted my eyes from the gruesome scene ________________________ 3. A fund to pay for the cost of room and board ________________________ 4. Freed the hostages from captivity ________________________ 5. Conforms to accepted standards of behavior ________________________ 6. Writes melancholy songs about lost love ________________________ 7. Gave us a plausible excuse for being late ________________________ 8. Made amends for their misdeeds Identify the word from this week’s vocabulary words which is most nearly opposite in meaning to the bold word in the given phrase. _________________________ 9. Lived in an affluent neighborhood _________________________ 10. Gained a reputation as a lazy individual Name ____________________________ Level D Vocab 6A Past Word Review Identify the letter of the word which best completes each sentence. _____ 1. It is up to us to get rid of any (A. latent B. arbitrary) prejudices that we may still unwittingly hold against members of other races and nationalities. _____ 2. The brook (A. prattling B. annihilating) along its rocky course seemed to be conversing wordlessly with the wind murmuring in the trees. _____ 3. I refuse to believe that our society will (A. reprimand which have destroyed other nations. B. succumb) to the weaknesses _____ 4. Most historians agree that military disasters during World War I were the (A. exodus B. catalyst) that sparked the Russian Revolution of 1917. _____ 5. For the world’s starving millions, finding enough food to keep body and soul together has become the (A. paramount B. latent) concern in life. _____ 6. During the summer, urban “sun worshippers” begin their weekly (A. exodus from the city around 3:00 on Friday afternoon. B. servitude) _____ 7. You may think that his explanation is perfectly clear, but I find it confused and (A. brazen B. opaque). _____ 8. Since they are firmly based on the logic of a sentence, the rules of punctuation should not be considered purely (A. arbitrary B. slapdash). _____ 9. He has deceived me so many times that I am forced to conclude that he is simply a(n) (A. incorrigible B. morose) liar. _____ 10. With their bigger, faster, more experienced players, South High simply (A. succumbed B. annihilated) our team, 56 to 7.