Plant Kingdom Notes

Name: ____________________________________________
Plant Kingdom Notes
1. Check off which characteristics apply to plants:
_____ unicellular (one cell)
_X__ autotroph (makes own food)
_____ prokaryote (no nucleus)
_X__ sessile (can’t move)
_X__ has cell wall
_X__ multicellular (many cells)
_____ heterotroph (eats to get food)
_X__ eukaryote (has nucleus)
_____ mobile (moves)
_____ no cell wall
2. Fill in the chart with the correct classification levels for the plant kingdom.
________Plant Kingdom_______
_____ Non-Vascular ________
______ Vascular ________
________ Seeds ___________
_____ Angiosperms _______
_________ Monocot _______
_____ Spores ________
______ Gymnosperms ______
______ Dicot __________
3. Non-vascular Plants
a. have _____NO_________ vascular tubes or tissues to carry food, water, or minerals
b. must live in ___moist____________ places since water seeps slowly from one cell to the next
c. do not have true ______roots_______, _______stems______, & ______leaves_____
4. Vascular Plants
a. has vascular tubes or tissues to move around ____food______, ____water________, &
b. has ____true____________ roots, stems, and leaves.
c. ____Xylem___________ carries water and minerals from roots to rest of plant
d. ____Phloem_____________ carries food from leaves to rest of plant
5. Seedless Plants – SPORES
a. reproduces by making ____spres___________________
b. seedless plants must live in ____moist __________ places since spores need water to make a
new plant
c. spores are found on the back of fern ____leaves____________ or in _____spore cases________
that grow above the moss, liverwort, & horsetail plants
6. Seed Plants
a. ___Seeds_____ are created when sperm & egg combine. They grow into a new plant.
b. seeds have stored ____food______ & _____water_____ in them
c. seed plants with ___cones_______ are gymnosperms
d. seed plants with _____flowers__________ & _____fruit______ are angiosperms
7. Gymnosperms
a. seeds are inside the _____cones_________ for protection
b. 4 types left - ____conifers____________ (fir, spruce, pine, etc), gingko tree, cycad tree, &
ephedra shrub
c. _____Softwoods_________ used for 2 x 4 lumber, pencils, paper, etc
d. stays _____green__________ all year long
8. Angiosperms
a. flowers make a ____fruit_______ to protect the seed
b. ______Leaves_________ change color & drop off in fall. Tree goes _____dorminant_____
during the cold winter
c. two types - _____monocots___________ & _____dicots________
d. ____________________________ used for fine furniture, cabinets, floors, etc. & crops to eat
9. Parts of a Plant
a. The flower ____reproduces by making a seed _________________________________________
b. The root ______collects water and anchors plant in the ground ___________________________
c. The stem ______has vascular tubes to carry food, water, and minerals _____________________
d. The leaf _______does photosynthesis to make food _____________________________________
10. Part of a Flower
a. The male part of the flower is the ___stamen_______. It’s top, the ___anther________
makes the pollen or sperm.
b. The female part of the flower is the ____pistil_____________. The _____ovary_______
makes eggs. The ____stigma________ is the top part that is sticky to collect pollen.
11. Monocots & Dicots
a. ___Monocots______________ have one seed leaf (cotyledon) and the seed stays in the ground
when it grows. The veins in its leaves run parallel to the leaf. An example of this type of plant is a
______corn, grass, lily __________.
b. ___Dictos________________ have two seed leaves (cotyledons) and the seed comes up above
the ground when it grows. The veins in its leaves branch out. An example of this type of plant is a
______bean, oak tree, rose bush, maple tree_____.