Test Prep Questions

Test Prep Questions
Chapter 2
Yumi and Maria conducted research on whether or
not there were differences in body image between
Japanese and American teenagers. Which of the
following perspectives would best inspire their
A) Sociocultural view
B) Behavioral view
C) Cognitive view
D) Humanistic view
E) Psychodynamic view
If a study is conducted through empirical
investigation, this means…
A) It is conducted in a research laboratory.
B)It is conducted only by a psychologist who is a trained Ph.D.
C) It is based on careful measurements and direct observation.
D)It is conducted in a natural setting
E) It is based on a person’s individual experience in the world.
Based on his classroom experience, Dr. McGinty
believes that those sitting in the front row of a
classroom get higher grades than those sitting in
rows further back. His belief is an example of …
A) Hypothesis
B) Theory
C) Independent variable
D) Correlation coefficient
E) Dependent variable
The independent variable …
A) Is what one is trying to measure in a study
B) Must be testable
C) Is the condition that the researcher manipulates
D) Is the group that receives no treatment
E) Is the group that receives treatment
5. Randomization…
A) Ensures that studies can be replicated
B) Is a good way to define the dependent variable
C) Is difficult to achieve in research
D) Must be used with great caution
E) Reduces experimenter bias
6. How are a sample and the population in an
experiment different from one another?
A) The sample is a smaller representation of the population
B) The population is a smaller representation of the sample
C) The population consists of the individuals actually participating in the
D) The population must be chosen randomly
E) A sample is made up of a small number of individuals; the highest number of
individuals in a sample is ten
7. A correlation coefficient reflects the…
A) Type of research conducted
B) Relationship between two variables
C) Number of groups (or individuals) studied
D) Accuracy of the results
E) Amount of change that occured
8. If you could measure height of each student in
your psychology class and the amount of money
that each person has in his or her pockets right now,
you would expect to find…
A) A zero correlation
B) A positive correlation
C) A negative correlation
D) That taller people have more money
E) That shorter people have more money
9. If a researcher wanted to find out college
students’ political opinions, which of the following
methods of research would be most appropriate to
gather this information?
A) Experiment
B) Case study
C) Survey
D) Correlational study
E) Naturalistic obersvation
10. Susan wants to see if pedestrians obey the cross
walk lights that indicate when it is safe to cross or
when they should wait on the sidewalk. Which of
the following methods of research would be most
appropriate for this study?
A) self-report measures
B) Naturalistic observation
C) Conditioning
D) Introspection
E) A double-blind study
11. If a researcher wanted to conduct a study to
determine if people’s intelligence remained the
same over the course of their life span, which
approach would give the best data?
A) Survey
B) Cross-sectional study
C) Longitudinal study
D) Naturalistic observation
E) Cohort-sequential study
12. Keeping participants uninformed about the
real purpose of a study makes them…
A) Less likely to experience unconscious motivation
B) Less likely to perform to the researchers’ expectations
C) More likely to engage in introspection
D) More likely to use a psychoanalytic perspective
E) More likely to know why the research was done
13. ____________variables are changeable factors
that could distort the results of an experiment and
be confused with __________
A. treatment; hypothesis
B. Subject; dependent variables
C. Confounding; dependent variables
D. Confounding; independent variables
E. Treatment; placebo control
14. Some people believe money can buy happiness.
Dr. Goodwin wants to determine whether paying
people plays a role in happiness. The level of
happiness would be considered the
A. Experimental variable
B. Confounding variable
C. Dependent variable
D. Independent variable
E. Control variable
15. ___________must be stated in terms of how the
concepts are to be measured and what techniques
will be employed to produce them.
A. Operational definitions
B. Theories
C. Personal biases
D. Dependent variables
E. Control groups
7) B
9) C
10) B
11) C
12) B
15) A