Ch. 6 Deviance and Social Control

Ch. 6 Deviance and Social Control Name:
1. _____ Across all cultures, certain acts are considered to be deviant by everyone.
2. _____ According to your text, a college student cheating on an exam and a mugger lurking on a dark
street have nothing at all in common.
3. _____ To be considered deviant, a person does not even have to do anything.
4. _____ Social control includes both formal and informal means of enforcing norms.
5. _____ All sanctions are negative.
6. _____ Sociologists search for explanations of deviance among factors outside the individual.
7. _____ According to differential association theory, the source of deviant behavior may be found in a
person’s socialization, or social learning.
8. _____ Symbolic interactionists stress that we are more pawns in the hands of others.
9. _____ Sykes and Matza identified five techniques of neutralization.
10. _____ Outlaw bikers hold the conventional world in contempt and are proud of getting into trouble.
11. _____ In the study by Chambliss, the Saints and the Roughnecks both turned out largely as their
labels would have predicted.
12. _____ The functionalist perspective states that deviance contributes to the social order.
13. _____ According to strain theory, everyone has a chance to get ahead in society, but some people
prefer to use illegal means to achieve their goals.
14. _____ According to strain theory, some people experience greater pressures to deviate from
society’s norms because of their social location.
15. _____ Illegitimate opportunity structures are readily available in urban slums.
16. _____ White-collar crime is not as costly as street crime.
17. _____ Both functionalists and conflict theorists agree that the criminal justice system functions for
the well-being of all citizens.
18. _____ Researchers have found that the U.S. recidivism rate is as high as 75 percent.
19. _____ Police discretion is a routine part of police work.
20. _____ Official statistics are accurate counts of the crimes committed in our society.
Ch. 6 Deviance and Social Control
1. Sociologists use the term _________________________ to refer to any violation of a norm.
2. Expressions of disapproval of deviance are called _________________________ sanctions.
3. Psychologists focus on abnormalities within the _________________________ of the individual.
4. Researchers have found that delinquents are more likely to come from __________________________ that get
into trouble with the law.
5. Travis Hirschi noted that the stronger bonds are with society, the more effective our
_________________________ controls are.
6. Sykes and Matza found that there are five techniques to _________________________ one can use to deflect
society’s norms.
7. According to the functionalist perspective, deviance promotes social _________________________.
8. An innovator _________________________ cultural goals and rejects institutionalized means.
9. According to Robert Merton, people who experience social strain, are likely to feel
_________________________, a sense of normalness.
10. Martha Stewart is an example of someone who committed _________________________ crime.
11. A major change in the nature of crime is the growing number of _________________________ offenders.
12. _________________________ was a well-intended law that had unintended consequences.
13. In the United States, the _________________________ rate – the percentage of former prisoners who are
rearrested – is extremely high.
14. Thomas Szasz argued that mental illnesses are simply _________________________ behaviors.
1. Edwin Sutherland
a. strain theory
2. Robert Merton
b. embracing the deviant label
3. Erving Goffman
c. degradation ceremonies
4. Thomas Szasz
d. white-collar crime
5. Howard Becker
e. definition of deviance
6. William Chambliss
f. effects of labeling
7. Graham Sykes & David Matza
g. importance of stigma
8. Travis Hirschi
h. techniques of neutralization
9. Harold Garfinkel
myth of mental illness
10. Mark Watson
inner controls