Poetry Terms Meter a pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in lines of poetry Rhythm Rhythm is a musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables. Assonance repetition or a pattern of similar VOWEL sounds Examples: Light fire; mellow wedding bells; crumbling thunder Consonance Consonance is the repetition of the final consonants of accented syllables or important words , especially at the ends of words Example: blank and think ; strong and string Stanza The poetry “paragraphs” Refrain A phrase, verse, or group of verses repeated in pattern form throughout a song or poem, especially at the end of each stanza. Remember! Poems often contain figurative language, like similes, metaphors, personification, etc…and often SYMBOLS! Types of Poems Free verse: composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern. Lyric: does not tell a story which portrays characters and actions. It addresses the reader directly, portraying the poet’s her own feeling, state of mind, and perceptions. Ballad: tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain. A ballad is often about love and often sung Types of Poems Epic: a long narrative poem that tells the story of a hero’s journey, successes, and failures Sonnet: a 14 line poem that follows a strict rhyme scheme: ABABCDCDEFEFGG Sonnet example: Look familiar?? Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. From forth the fatal loins of these two foes A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life; Whole misadventured piteous overthrows Do with their death bury their parents' strife. The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love, And the continuance of their parents' rage, Which, but their children's end, nought could remove, Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage; The which if you with patient ears attend, What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.