Lesson 52 Do Now: What was Lincoln’s plan for reconstructing the South? Did everyone agree with Lincoln? What was the Freedman’s Bureau? Did Lincoln live to see his Reconstruction Plans carried out? Who took over as President of the US after Lincoln’s assassination? Did Johnson plan to follow Lincoln’s Reconstruction plan? Who gave President Johnson trouble with regards to reconstruction? Motivation: President Lincoln had been making plans for Reconstruction of the South before the war was even over. Lincoln’s plans treated the South very generously. He did not want to punish the South; he wanted to forgive them! He wanted to help them rejoin the Union. Not everyone agreed with Lincoln. The Radical Republicans were a group of Congressmen who thought Lincoln was too easy on the South. The Radical Republicans wanted stricter rules for the states that were rejoining the Union. The Radical Republicans wanted more rights for blacks. The Freedman’s Bureau was set up in March of 1865, just before the war ended by Congress. It was the first federal organization set up to help people in need. The Bureau gave food, clothing and medicine to freed blacks and to poor southern whites. It set up schools and helped people find jobs. Lincoln was assassinated five days after the Civil War ended. He did not live to see his Reconstruction Plans get carried out. Andrew Johnson, the vice president, took over as president of the United State. Rebuilding the South was now his job. Johnson planned to follow Lincoln’s reconstruction ideas. He also wanted to make it as easy as possible for the South to rejoin the Union. The Radical Republicans found fault with Johnson. Johnson was a Southern Democrat and Johnson even owned slaves at one time. The Radical Republicans accused Johnson of favoring the Southern states. CQ’s/ Notes: 1. Under President Johnson’s plans, could men who had been CONFEDERATE leaders still hold high government jobs? a. Yes, President Johnson allowed Confederate Leaders to still hold highpowered government jobs. i. (THINK: what problems former Confederate leaders in government positions might cause?) Watch: Congress & the Reconstruction Plan (2 min) 2. What were the Black Codes? a. Even though the 13th Amendment had outlawed slavery in 1865, Confederate leaders began to pass state laws known as Black Codes. b. The Black Codes were like the old slave laws c. The Black Codes took away many of the rights of the free blacks. d. They kept blacks out of schools and off juries. 3. What did the Radical Republicans think about he Black Codes? a. The Radical Republicans were in an uproar during the next session of Congress b. They felt Johnson was too easy on the South. c. They said that the Black Codes were NO better than slavery. d. They also felt that former CONFEDERATE leaders had NO right to be government officials. 4. What did Congress decide to do with regards to Reconstruction? a. Congress set up its own plans for Reconstruction b. In 1866, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act. Watch: The Civil Rights Act (2min) 5. What was the Civil Rights Act of 1866? a. The Civil Rights Act said that black people should have the same rights as whites. 6. How did President Johnson respond to the Civil Rights Act? a. President Johnson refused to sign the Civil Rights Act b. He vetoed it. i. (remember, the President’s power is limited by the system of checks and balances) 7. Did the Civil Rights Act finally become law? a. Because of Johnson’s veto, Congress needed a 2/3 vote to pass the Civil Rights Act. b. A vote was taken. c. The Civil Rights Act became law. Watch: Reconstructing the South (4min) 8. Besides the Civil Rights Act, what else did Congress do to help former slaves? a. Congress passed the 14th Amendment to the Constitution. 9. What did the 14th Amendment state? a. The 14th Amendment stated that former slaves would be grated citizenship. b. It also stated that former CONFEDERATE leaders could not hold office or vote. 10. How did President Johnson feel about the 14th Amendment? a. President Johnson was against the 14th Amendment but by 1868, it was approved by most states. b. Southern states still had to approve it before they could rejoin the Union. c. Federal troops were sent into the South to make sure that states followed Congress’ rules. Watch: The First Reconstruction Act (2 min) 11. What Reconstruction Acts did the Radical Republicans pass over President Johnson’s veto? a. Federal troops would maintain law and order in the South. i. (THINK: How do you think southerners felt about federal troops in their states?) b. Former Confederate soldiers and leaders could not vote or hold office c. Freed slaves had the right to vote and hold office d. New states constitutions must be written and approved by Congress. e. To rejoin the Union, Southern states must approve the 14th Amendment. HW: Answer CQ’s and E-mail.