# Chapter 8 Solutions Test Review Sheet

```Chapter 8 Solutions Test Review Sheet
Test Date: April 30 2014
Topics to Study:
8.1
solution, solute, solvent, variable composition, aqueous solution, miscible, immiscible, alloy, amalgam, saturated &amp;
unsaturated solution, soluble, sparingly soluble, insoluble
distinguishing between pure substances &amp; solutions
8.2
Process of Dissolving on the molecular level,
bonding &amp; energy, endothermic &amp; exothermic dissolving processes
Factors affecting Rate of dissolving: temperature, stirring, particle size
Factors Affecting Solubility of solid, liquid and gas solutes:
temperature
pressure
size of the molecule
polarity of the solute &amp; solvent:
determining polarity of substances
intermolecular bonding in polar molecules (Dipole-dipole &amp; Hydrogen bonding) vs. nonpolar molecule
Select a suitable solvent for a given solute: Like dissolves Like: some common polar &amp; nonpolar solvents
Electrolytes Vs Nonelectrolytes (Molecular substances), hydration of ions
Solvation of NaCl video (posted on website)
Solubility Curves – interpretation &amp; calculation
8.3
Calculating concentration of solutions: 6 different ways
% m/v, %v/v, %m/m, ppm, ppb;
molar concentration, C = n/V (also n = m/MM)
Continued on back
Chapter 8 Solutions Test Review Sheet
Test Date: April 30 2014
Topics to Study:
8.1
solution, solute, solvent, variable composition, aqueous solution, miscible, immiscible, alloy, amalgam, saturated &amp;
unsaturated solution, soluble, sparingly soluble, insoluble
distinguishing between pure substances &amp; solutions
8.2
Process of Dissolving on the molecular level,
bonding &amp; energy, endothermic &amp; exothermic dissolving processes
Factors affecting Rate of dissolving: temperature, stirring, particle size
Factors Affecting Solubility of solid, liquid and gas solutes:
temperature
pressure
size of the molecule
polarity of the solute &amp; solvent:
determining polarity of substances
intermolecular bonding in polar molecules (Dipole-dipole &amp; Hydrogen bonding) vs. nonpolar molecule
Select a suitable solvent for a given solute: Like dissolves Like: some common polar &amp; nonpolar solvents
Electrolytes Vs Nonelectrolytes (Molecular substances), hydration of ions
Solvation of NaCl video (posted on website)
Solubility Curves – interpretation &amp; calculation
8.3
Calculating concentration of solutions: 6 different ways
% m/v, %v/v, %m/m, ppm, ppb;
molar concentration, C = n/V (also n = m/MM)
Continued on back
8.4
Preparing solutions:
How to make a stock solution
How to dilute a solution
Calculations involving dilution: C1V1 = C2V2
Review Questions for Practice:
p. 325-327 #3,5,6,8,9,10, 11-22,24,26,27,29
Chapter 9 AQUEOUS Solutions Test Review Sheet
Test Date: April 30 2014
 Know how to write dissociation equation for ionic compounds, with their state included
 Review how to use the solubility table to determine the states of substances
 Know how to use stoichiometry to relate concentration of the ionic compound and its ions'
concentrations
 If given concentration and V of an ion, know how to find the mole and mass of the ionic compound
 Know how to write non-ionic equation, total ionic equation and net ionic equation
 What are spectator ions?
 Know how to calculation with solution stoichiometry including determining the limiting reagent,
grams of precipitate forms, % yield, % purity, determining and finding any of the 6 expressions of
concentrations
Review Questions for Practice:
p. 352: 7 -10; p 355: 11-13; p 356 :1- 7
There is no shortcut to success: PRACTICE 
PRACTICE PRACTICE
8.4
Preparing solutions:
How to make a stock solution
How to dilute a solution
Calculations involving dilution: C1V1 = C2V2
Review Questions for Practice:
p. 325-327 #3,5,6,8,9,10, 11-22,24,26,27,29
Chapter 9 AQUEOUS Solutions Test Review Sheet
Test Date: April 30 2014
 Know how to write dissociation equation for ionic compounds, with their state included
 Review how to use the solubility table to determine the states of substances
 Know how to use stoichiometry to relate concentration of the ionic compound and its ions'
concentrations
 If given concentration and V of an ion, know how to find the mole and mass of the ionic compound
 Know how to write non-ionic equation, total ionic equation and net ionic equation
 What are spectator ions?
 Know how to calculation with solution stoichiometry including determining the limiting reagent,
grams of precipitate forms, % yield, % purity, determining and finding any of the 6 expressions of
concentrations
Review Questions for Practice:
p. 352: 7 -10; p 355: 11-13; p 356 :1- 7
There is no shortcut to success: PRACTICE 
PRACTICE PRACTICE
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