Iroquois Confederacy and impact on F and I War

Iroquois Confederacy and impact on F and I War
Supplied by the Dutch with guns in the 1740’s
Almost destroyed the Hurons . . but the French intervened
Six tribes: Mohawks, Oneidas, Onandagas, Cayugas, Senecas, Tuscaroras
Each tribe had some autonomy
1. Women chose the chief
2. Women could start war by calling for prisoners to replace dead relatives
3. Women could stop war by refusing to supply food, etc.
F. French attacked Iorquois to gains fur trade with Hurons
G. In 1701 Iroquois negotiated treaties with French, English, and other tribes
H. French lived among peaceful Indian tribes – did not take land
I. Britain’s victory in F and I War (175-63) altered balance of power in North America
J. Indians could no longer play European powers off against each other
K. Anglo- Americans no longer feared French or their Indian allies
L. THIS WAS A MAJOR TURNING POINT vis-à-vis American attitudes toward the British.
(See notes on Pontiac’s Rebellion, Proclamation of 1763, British financial problems, British
attitudes toward the colonies and Indians)