Review Sheet for Test III 1. Who is the founder of Islam? 2. What is the hegira (two answers – you want both!)? 3. What is “submission to God” in Arabic? 4. What language is the Koran (Qur-an) written in? 5. What is the Dome of the Rock? 6. What was Charlemagne’s inspiration for his model of administration and decrees? 7. Who wrote the rule of Western monasticism? 8. What was the ultimate profession of Hildegard de Bingen? 9. What was St. Gregory’s contribution to the Roman Catholic church at this time? 10. What is a melisma? 11. Why is early medieval drama described as “liturgical” drama? 12. What is Hroswitha’s most famous work? 13. What is “liturgical drama”? 14. What is the oldest and most famous of the chanson de geste or chanson d’histoire? 15. What was used to write on primarily in the Middle Ages? 16. Define illuminated book. 17. What is the masterpiece of illuminated books in the Carolingian Renaissance? 18. Where did Charlemagne build his palace and royal chapel? 19. What is the most important relic in the royal chapel? 20. What is the most important style of architecture between 1000 and 1150? 21. What was Bernard of Clairvaux’s objection to decoration in Romanesque churches? 22. What do we call unaccompanied singing? 23. What is dialectics? How is it different from the other two areas of study in the trivium? 24. What is the social/economic structure set out by Charlemagne? 25. Where did monks copy their manuscripts in the monastery? 26. What is cantus planus? 27. What is a cloister? 28. What is a Psalter? 29. What city was the center of intellectual and cultural activity in 1150 to 1300? 30. What contribution did Abbot Suger make? 31. What are the two main characteristics of Gothic architecture? 32. What structure makes the height of Gothic cathedrals possible? 33. What feature is Chartres most famous for? (hint – how many of them are there?) 34. What is the FUNCTIONAL purpose of gargoyles? 35. What were signature frames at the bottom of many stained glass windows for? 36. Who invented the system of musical notation that we have today? 37. What was different about the organum than previous music? 38. What are the three oldest universities in Europe? 39. Who was the most famous teacher at the University of Paris in the early 1100s? 40. What does universitas mean? 41. What are the subjects of Goliardic verse? 42. Where could women study in the university? (two places) 43. What is the subject of the Summa Theologica? 44. What caused St. Francis to drop out of society and lead a life of self-denial? 45. What is the greatest work of fiction of the late Middle Ages? 46. Who was Dante’s guide in the first two parts of the journey? 47. How is The Divine Comedy organized? 48. What are the mendicants? 49. What is an exemplum? 50. What is another name for Satan (see Dante)? Essay questions – you will choose one from Chapter 9 and one from Chapter 10 9– What was the relationship of Charlemagne’s “palace school” at Aachen to the Carolingian Renaissance? For what purpose did he draw scholars to Aachen? What is the meaning of the term memento mori? Why is the motif of Everyman a good example of memento mori? 10Why is the cathedral such a rich source of information? On what levels can it be appreciated? How is Dante’s depiction of Satan a complete contrast to God?