Coronation of Charlemagne, Christmas Day, 800 Argument with the Byzantines The Carolingian Dynasty Charlemagne Charlemagne and Pope Leo Pepin the Short and Papal Endorsement The Donation of Constantine Charlemagne retains independent secular authority The Coronation of Charlemagne, Christmas Day, 800 1. In 800, Charlemagne was already King of the Franks and the Lombards. What was the significance of him being crowned ‘Emperor of the Romans’? 2. The chronicler Einhard suggests that Charlemagne was surprised by the coronation and it almost occurred against his will. What reasons are there to suggest this was not the case? 3. What might Pope Leo’s objectives have been in crowning Charlemagne emperor?