Clean Water Act The incidents of the mid-1960’s involving the U.S. Public Health Service, President Lyndon B. Johnson to declare the Potomac “a national disgrace”, and the formation of the Water Quality Act, prompted Congress to enact the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendment of 1972 or more commonly named the Clean Water Act. This Act established the structure for the regulation of pollutants released into the waters of the United States. This focus was on the “point sources”, such as the pipes emptying into streams from industries. These discharges would require a state or EPA permit. The original 1965 Water Quality Act, which focused on the water quality standards, was put into one section of the Clean Water Act. At that time, officials concentrated on the visible point sources but nowadays the focus is on the regulatory efforts against water pollution.