Name_____________________________ Period______ Date__________ Mr. Mitchell Types of Interest Groups (Chapter 9, Section 2) I. II. An American Tradition: A. “A Nation of Joiners” B. Thousands of different groups, large and small. Groups Based on Economic Interests: A. Business Groups: 1. U.S. Brewers Association (oldest organized interest group). 2. National Association of Manufacturers (14,000 firms). 3. Chamber of Commerce (2,800 local chapters). 4. Trade Associations: a. Trucking, Railroads, etc. b. Common goal of business interests. c. Often disagree on issues, though. B. Labor Groups: 1. Less than 12% of Americans belong to a union. 2. AFL-CIO: a. 52 separate unions. b. 8 million members. 3. National Fraternal Order of Police. 4. Labor Unions also oppose each other sometimes. C. Agricultural Groups: 1. Farmers now represent just 2% of the national population. 2. Still, major influence on public policy. 3. National Grange (1867): social and political organization. 4. Farm Bureau: supports federal programs to promote agriculture (subsidies). 5. Again, sometimes work against each other. D. Professional Groups: 1. Most not as large, well-organized, or well-financed as business, labor, and farm groups. 2. Exceptions: a. American Medical Association: 250,000 members. b. American Bar Association: 400,000 members. c. NEA: 2.8 million teachers. Name_____________________________ Period______ III. IV. Date__________ Mr. Mitchell Other Interest Groups: A. Groups That Promote Causes: 1. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). 2. National Wildlife Federation. B. Organizations That Promote Welfare of Certain Groups: 1. American Legion. 2. NAACP. C. Religious Organizations: 1. National Council of Churches. 2. National Catholic Welfare Council. Public-Interest Groups: A. Seeks to institute certain public policies of benefit to all/most people in the country, regardless of their membership to the group. B. Focus on the roles that all Americans share (consumers, breathers of air, etc.). C. Ex: Common Cause, Nader’s Public Citizen, Inc.