Name: ________________________
Study Sheet - Exam 1R - Geography 1 – Chapters 1 & 8
Note: numbers indicate pages in 5th edition textbook, F=figure, + = read farther, T= table
The word spatial refers to (2)
Relative to the fundamental themes of geography authored by the Association of American
Geographers, latitude and longitude refer to (3F)
The scientific method is described by which of the following? (5)
Earth’s environment, operating as a system, is characterized by which one of these? (7)
According to the text, the three inorganic (abiotic) Earth realms are the (12)
The basis of time is the fact that (18)
Which of the following possesses all of Earth’s surface properties of area, shape, direction,
proximity, and distance? (23)
Geography is defined by its spatial approach rather than by a specific body of knowledge or
content. (4)
The increasing number of high latitude meltponds on glaciers is the result of a positive
feedback system. (9)
The precise determination of longitude at sea was impossible until as late as 1760. (17+)
The part of geography that embodies mapmaking is called geodesy. (13 & 22)
The Eastern Hemisphere side of the International Date Line (180th meridian) is always one
day ahead of the Western Hemisphere side. (20)
According to Appendix A, only the Goode’s homolosine map projection possesses the
qualities of both equal area and true shape. (576)
Which of the following is not one of the five spatial themes of geography: (4)
From anywhere in the Northern Hemisphere, you can determine your latitude by sighting on
_____________ at night. (16)
In the Southern Hemisphere, the _____constellation is used to find the celestial pole. (16)
The four classes of map projections are: (25F)
Earth’s crust is roughly made up of (281)
According to your text, the layer within Earth that lies directly below the lithosphere, but
above the upper mantle, is best described as (267)
Continental drift is a term used earlier that describes (278)
Which of the following supports the plate tectonics concept? (278+)
The deepest single group of features of Earth’s crust (continental or oceanic) is (279)
The basic premise of catastrophism is that “the present is the key to the past.” (264)
The cementation, compaction, and hardening of sediments is called lithification. (273)
The interior of Earth is known to science through direct physical observation and
measurement in deep drill holes. (266)
Earth’s magnetic field is generated in the outer core and remains quite constant over time.
Rocks that solidify from a previous molten state are called metamorphic rocks. (271)
Quartz (SiO2) is generally higher in its resistance to weathering than are mafic minerals
such as basalt.
Earthquakes in Alaska have been linked to isostatic rebound. (271)
Plate tectonics is regarded as the all-inclusive modern term for seafloor spreading and
subduction processes. (279)
A convergent boundary characterizes the west coast of South America. (281)
_______________________ assumes that the same physical processes active in the
environment today have been operating throughout geologic time. (264)
A(n) __________________ is an element or combination of elements that forms an
inorganic natural compound. (270)
Of the nearly 4200 minerals, about ______ are common and are called the rock-forming
minerals. (271)
A(n) ___________ is an assemblage of minerals bound together or an aggregate of pieces
of a single mineral. (271)
- Great and small circles vs parallels and meridians (18)
- Precambrian (265F)
- Layers of Earth (266)
- Active/passive remote sensing (26)
- Solar time and the meaning of A.M. and P.M. (20)
- Great circles are straight lines on what map projection(s) (26F)
- Maximum and minimum values of latitude and longitude (15+)
- Earth’s magnetic field (266)
- Layer of Earth with the largest volume (267)
- Endogenic and exogenic processes (261)
- Oldest rock on seafloor and oldest rock on continents (278F)
- Percentage of each element in Earth’s crust (269)
- Details of UTC (or GMT) time (22)