Study Guide for Skeletal System Test

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Study Guide for Body Organization/ Skeletal
System Test
-Review Section 1 & 2 (p.6-23) in your textbook.
-Review all Handouts, homework and quizzes.
-Test will be Thursday, Oct.15.
-Section 1: Body Organization:
-Be able to list in order, the 4 levels of organization and be
able to give examples of organs and organ systems.
-Define Homeostasis.
-Section 2-The Skeletal System:
**You will need to have a thorough, detailed understanding of
the following terms and concepts:
-List and explain the 5 functions of the skeletal system-what
might happen if one or more of the functions didn’t work?
-Label the 21 bones of the human skeleton
-List and give an example of each of the 4 joint types:
a. gliding/wrist or ankle, b. ball & socket/shoulder or where
femur meets the pelvis, c. hinge/elbow, knee or fingers,
d. pivot/where head meets the neck.
-Review the Vertebrate Forelimb Packet because you will have to label
the bones of an animal skeleton that you haven’t seen yet.
-Define the word “joint”.
-Explain the function and importance of joints.
-What are ligaments? Why are they important?
-What are the 2 main joint types?
-Define fracture, sprain and dislocation?
-What is arthritis?
-What is osteoporosis?
-How can you prevent osteoporosis?
-Be able to label and define each part of a Long Bone.
-Thoroughly describe the difference between compact and spongy
bone:
a.Compact: solid, smooth, dense, has a circular ring structure to it,
center of each ring is a canal called Haversian Canal, Haversian Canal
contains a tiny blood vessel called a capillary that brings blood to bone
cells. This blood contains oxygen and nutrients to all bone cells.
b.Spongy: strong, lightweight, full of holes. Keeps bones from
becoming too heavy, contains Red Marrow which makes your blood cells.
-What type of tissue brings nutrients and oxygen to all body cells
including bone cells? (It’s a liquid tissue).
-Why are bones considered living?
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