BIO201 Crimando Vocab 4
BIO201 Skeletal System Vocabulary Review
Basic vocabulary is the foundational step in learning a new subject. This brief list touches many of the terms
you will be learning in this section of the course. Use your notes from class, lecture powerpoints and text for
references in answering these.
Fill in the blanks as you take notes in class or read and study from the text.
2 forms of osseous tissue: ____________________, ____________________
Typical number of bones in adult skeleton: _________________
Seedlike bones: ____________________
Sutural bones: ____________________
Shaft of a long bone: ____________________
Ends of a long bone: ____________________
Covering of the ends of long bone: ____________________
Sheath of fibrous tissue covering most of long bone: ____________________
Composition of yellow bone marrow: ____________________
Space/cavity in shaft of long bone: ________________________________
Composition of red bone marrow: ____________________
Tree-ring like layers of cells in bone tissue: _______________________________
Small chambers in bone or cartilage that contains cells: ___________________________
Tiny canals connecting concentric rings of cells in bone tissue: _________________________
Stem cells that will become bone-making cells: ____________________
Bone-forming cells: ____________________
Mature bone-maintaining cells: ____________________
Bone-dissolving cells on bone surfaces: ____________________
Process of bone dissolution: ____________________
Ground substance of bone, calcium phosphate mineral: ____________________
Organic ground substance material in bone: ______________________
Process of flat bone ossification: ____________________
Process of long bone ossification: ____________________
Growth plate in long bones: ____________________
Process of bone thickening: ____________________
Process of gradually replacing bone tissue throughout life: ____________________
Active form of vitamin D: ____________________
Hormone from thyroid that lowers blood calcium: ____________________
Hormone from parathyroid that raises blood calcium: ____________________
Disease characterized by severe loss of bone density: ____________________
Immovable joints of skull: ____________________
Soft spots in infant skull: ______________________________
Hole through a bone: ____________________
Rounded knuckle-like process usually forming joint surface: ____________________
Set of bones encasing the brain: ____________________
Disorder of premature closure of cranial sutures: ___________________________________
Boney ridge structure of ethmoid bone: _____________________________
Thin perforated boney plates of ethmoid bone, olfactory nerves pass through: _________________________
Central bat-shaped bone in skull: ____________________________________
Largest hole in skull, spinal cord passes through: _______________________________________
Bones holding upper teeth: ________________________________________
“Turkish Saddle” that houses the pituitary gland: ____________________________________
Air-filled chambers in certain bones of skull: _________________________________
Set of bones encasing spinal cord: ____________________
Abnormal “swayback” spinal curvature: ____________________
Abnormal “hunchback” spinal curvature: ____________________
Abnormal lateral spinal curvature: ____________________
Birth defect with incomplete closure of vertebral column ______________________________
Number of cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae: _______________, _______________, _______________
Fibrous joint (immovable) also called: ____________________
Cartilaginous joint (partly movable) also called: ____________________
Most freely movable type of joints: ____________________
Connective tissue enclosing synovial joints: ____________________
Fluid-filled cushion surrounding some joints: ____________________
Fibrocartilage pad between bones of knee: ____________________
Most common type of lever in musculoskeletal joints: ____________________
Term for joint dislocation: ____________________
Most easily dislocated joint in the body: ____________________
Set of four muscles that stabilize the shoulder joint: ____________________
Most important muscle in stabilizing the shoulder joint: ____________________
Lateral ligament of the knee: ____________________
Medial ligament of the knee: ____________________
Inner crossing ligament that stabilizes knee when flexed: ____________________
Inner crossing ligament that stabilizes knee when extended: ____________________
Common wear-and-tear joint disorder: ____________________
Inflammatory autoimmune joint disorder: ____________________
Joint disorder with uric acid precipitates in lower joints: ____________________

BIO201 Crimando Vocab 4 BIO201 Skeletal System Vocabulary