Economics Chapter 11 Test Study Guide Vocabulary Terms put option Individual Retirement Account (IRA) portfolio diversification capital market tax-exempt Standard and Poor’s 500 (S & P 500) bear market mutual fund finance company 401 (k) plan Concepts Municipal Bonds What are they? What is their risk level? What type of investor do they attract? The different markets for trading stocks in the U.S. Where are most stocks traded? What trading occurs in each market? How does interest help you? Put v. Call options Which one gives you the right to sell? How does it work? What are the benefits/drawbacks? Which one gives you the right to buy? How does this work? What are the benefits/drawbacks? What are bonds? How do they work? What type of investment are they? What type of investor would be attracted to them? How do mutual funds work? Buying/Selling What are the advantages/disadvantages? What is the difference between: Capital markets, Primary markets, Money markets, and Secondary markets? Treasury Bonds Efficient Market Hypothesis How does this help investors? Par value of Bonds. How do savings rates effect the economy? Reading and interpreting stock tables. What are junk bonds? What are nonbank financial institutions? What is the spot market?