Literary Terms – Sixth Grade

Literary Terms – Sixth Grade
Alliteration – the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Used to draw attention to
certain words or ideas, to imitate sounds, and create musical effects
Assonance is also called ‘vowel rhyme’. Assonance is the repetition of a pattern of
similar sounds within a sentence.
Antagonist – a character or force in conflict with the main character (protagonist)
Autobiography – story of the writer’s own life, told by the writer. They are a form of
nonfiction and are generally written in first person.
Biography – life story of a person told by another person. They are a form of nonfiction,
but effective biographies share qualities of a good narrative.
Character – person or an animal that take part in the action of a literary work
 Major character – the most important character(s) in the story
 Minor character – one who takes part in the action, but is not the focus of
 Flat character – one-sided, often stereotypical
 Round character – fully developed and exhibits many traits (good and
 Dynamic character – one who changes or grows during the course of the
 Static character – one who does not change
Characterization – act of creating and developing a character
 Direct characterization – a writer states the character’s traits or
 Indirect characterization – reader draw conclusions about the character’s
Conflict – struggle between opposing forces.
 External – character struggles between outside forces, such as another
person, force of nature, society
 Internal – character struggles within the mind of self, to make a decision,
take action, or overcome a feeling
Connotation – set of ideas associated with a word, in addition to its explicit meaning. It
can be personal, based on individual experiences
Denotation – the dictionary meaning of a word, independent of other associations that
the word may have.
 Example: lake – denotation is “an inland body of water.” Connotations
might be “Vacation spot” and “place where fishing is good.”
Dialect – form of a language spoken by people in a particular region or group
Dialogue – spoken conversation between characters
Essay – short nonfiction work about a particular subject. Usually have a single focus,
with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion.
Exposition – writing or speech that explains a process or presents information
Fable – a brief story or poem, usually with animal characters, that teaches a lesson or
Fantasy – highly imaginative writing that contain elements not found in real life
Fiction – prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events
Figurative Language – writing or speech that is not to be taken literally
Metaphor – something is described as though it were something else,
points out similarity between two unlike things
Simile – a comparison of two unlike things, using “like” or “as”
Personification- a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
Hyperbole-exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken
Onomatopoeia- the use of words that imitate sounds
Flashback – scene within a story that interrupts the sequence of events and relates to
events that happened in the past
Foreshadow – clues that hint at what might happen later in the story
Genre – a division or type of literature
 Poetry – lyric poetry, concrete poetry, dramatic poetry, narrative poetry,
epic poetry
 Prose – fiction (novels and short stories) and nonfiction (biography,
autobiography, letters, essays, and reports)
 Drama – serious drama and tragedy, comic drama, melodrama, and farce
Hero/Heroine – a character whose actions are inspiring or noble. They struggle to
overcome the obstacle and problems that stand in their way.
Imagery – author’s use of words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the five senses
Inference – a form of reasoning based on the information given and what you already
know through your own experiences. To make an inference is to draw a new conclusion
from what is already known.
Myth – a fictional tale that explains the actions of gods or heroes ore the origins of
elements of nature
Narrative – a story that is either fiction or nonfiction
Narrator – a speaker or character that tells a story
 Narrator’s perspective – the way he or she see things
 Third person narrator – stands outside the action and speaks about it
 First person narrator – one who tells a story and participates in the action
Nonfiction - prose writing that presents and explains ideas or that tells about real people,
places, objects, and events
Novel – a long work of fiction writing
Persuasion – writing or speech that attempts to convince the reader or listener to adopt a
particular opinion or course of action
Plot – the sequence of events in which each event results from a previous one and causes
the next. Usually involves both characters and a central conflict.
 Exposition – begins the plot, introduces the setting, characters, and basic
 Rising action – introduces the central conflict, events which lead up to the
turning point, the climax
 Climax – the turning point, the high point of interest or suspense
 Falling action – events which lead to the end of the central conflict
 Resolution, conclusion, or denouement – any events which occur during
the falling action, bring about the end of the story
Poetry – one of the three major types of genre. Most poems use highly concise, musical,
and emotionally charged language; making use of figurative language, imagery, and
special devices, such as rhyme.
Point of View (POV) the perspective or vantage point, from which a story is told.
 First person – told by the narrator in the story who uses the first person
pronoun “I”
 Third person – a narrator outside the story, uses third-person pronouns
“he,” and “she,” no use of “I” telling the story
 Omniscient – the narrator knows and tells about what each
character feels and thinks
 Limited – the narrator relates the inner thoughts and feelings of
one characters; and everything is viewed from this character’s
Prose – the ordinary form of written language – fiction and nonfiction
Protagonist – the main character in a literary work
Science Fiction – combines elements of fiction and fantasy with scientific facts. Are
generally set in the future
Sensory Language – writing or speech that appeals to one of more of the senses.
Setting – the time and place of the action of a story
Short story – a brief work of fiction that presents a sequence of events, or plot. Plot
usually deals with central conflict of main character (protagonist). These events usually
communicate a message about life or human nature (theme).
 Plot
 Characters
 Setting
 Theme
Surprise Ending – a conclusion that is unexpected. Often this is foreshadowed, or
subtly hinted at, during the course of the work
Suspense – a feeling of anxious uncertainty about the outcome of events in the literary
Symbol – anything that stands for or represents something else
Tone- the attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. Tone is generally
conveyed through the choice of words or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject.
Theme – a central message, concern, or purpose in a literary work. It is not a summary
of the plot. It is a generalization, or general statement about human beings or about life.
 Indirectly – the reader must figure out what the theme is by looking
carefully at what the work reveals about people or about life