Art 101 Design & Appreciation Instructor: Deb Goodsell Voice mail: 488-4701 ext. 2008 Email:[email protected] "The world of reality has its limits; the world of imagination is boundless." Jean-Jacques Rousseau Scale/Proportion/Perspective Assignment #6 Scale/Proportion Scale and proportion are related terms in that both refer basically to size. Scale is essentially another name for size. Proportion refers to a relative size, size measured against other elements or against some mental norm or standard. Scale and proportion are closely tied to emphasis and focal point. Large scale and especially large proportion to other elements make for an obvious visual emphasis or focal point. Hieratic Scaling In past centuries visual scale was often related to thematic importance. The size of figures was based on their symbolic importance in the subject being presented. Images of gods, angels, saints, and rulers were often shown in a large size to indicate their importance. Hieratic scaling has been used to clarify a focal point. Scale Within Art/ Scale Confusion The various scale elements within a design or work of art can make the artwork more visually interesting. We often use the term proportion to describe the size relationship between various parts of a unit. To say an element in a composition is "out of proportion" carries a negative feeling. And it is true that such a visual effect can be startling or unsettling. However, it is possible that this reaction is precisely what some artists desire. Surrealism Artist have used Scale Confusion to intentionally intrigue or mystify the viewer rather than to clarify a focal point. Surrealism is an art form based on paradox, on images that cannot be explained in rational terms. Artists who work in this manner present the irrational world of the dream or nightmare using recognizable elements in impossible situations. The artists Rene Magritte and Salvador Dali are both known for this style of composition. Surrealism uses real objects in an unreal setting or unreal objects in a real setting or situation. Rene Magritte - Personal Values Does this painting show an impossibly large comb, shaving brush, bar of soap and other items, or are these items normal size but placed in a doll house room? Neither explanation makes rational sense.