Quiz 5 No class on Friday, so at least you got that going for you, which is nice Question 1 There are 80 swamp sparrows in a 20-hectare section of Mount Meadow. The average population density of sparrows at this site is _______ per hectare. a. 2 b. 4 c. 20 d. 80 e. 160 Question 2 Adult monarch butterflies overwinter a. wherever milkweed plants are abundant. b. in oyamel fir forests in Mexico. c. in the Everglades in Florida. d. in Dorset heathlands. e. in southern California. Question 3 In some trees and shrubs, competition among seedlings causes individuals to be spaced relatively evenly throughout the habitat. These plants exhibit a _______ type of dispersion pattern. a. regular b. ramet c. clumped d. random e. None of the above Question 4 As of 2010, the human population was just under a. 7 million. b. 70 million. c. 3 billion. d. 7 billion. e. 30 billion. Question 5 Which of the following types of survivorship curves is seen most frequently for invertebrates? a. Type I (most individuals survive to old age) b. Type II (constant rate of mortality throughout lifetime) c. Type III (most individuals die young) d. Type I and Type II are about equally common. e. Type II and Type III are about equally common. Question 6 The country of Guatemala is currently experiencing rapid population growth, Greece is experiencing essentially zero population growth, and Germany is experiencing negative population growth. Assuming that age-specific fecundities are similar in these three countries, which of the following is most likely? a. The proportion of young individuals should be higher in Germany than in Greece. b. The proportion of elderly individuals should be higher in Greece than in Germany. c. Guatemala should have the highest proportion of young individuals. d. Both a and b e. Both b and c Question 7 Which of the following populations would be expected to remain stable in size? a. A population one with an r of 1 b. A population with a of 1 c. A population with an r of 0 d. Both a and b e. Both b and c Question 8 Which of the following statements about population fluctuations is true? a. Population fluctuations can be caused by changes in density-dependent factors. b. Population fluctuations can be caused by changes in density-independent factors. c. All natural populations fluctuate in size. d. All of the above are true e. None of the above are true Question 9 According to May’s model, a population that experiences delayed density dependence can exhibit logistic growth or dampened oscillations, or it can fluctuate forever in a stable limit cycle. Which two factors determine the pattern that will result? a. The population growth rate under ideal conditions and the starting population size b. The population growth rate and the time lag c. The starting population size and the time lag d. The time lag and the degree of demographic stochasticity e. The time lag and the carrying capacity Question 10 Assuming that their average population growth rates and all other factors are equal, which of the following populations would most likely be at risk for extinction? a. A large population with low variation in its growth rate b. A large population with high variation in its growth rate c. A small population with low variation in its growth rate d. A small population with high variation in its growth rate e. All have equal risk; population size and variation in population growth rate do not influence extinction risk.