Renaissance Contributions

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Renaissance
VIPs & Ideas
1300s-1500s
EQs:
► What
is humanism?
► Where
► How
does the Renaissance take place?
do contributions from the Renaissance
change the world?
Note Topics:
► Humanism
► Renaissance
► Art
► Science
& Tech
► Literature
► Political Science
Humanism
► An
intellectual movement
ƒ Shift in focus from religious (sacred) matters to
worldly (secular)
ƒ People start thinking about “What can I do with
my life in the world right now?” instead of
“What do I need to do to get into heaven when
I die?”
ƒ Leads to a questioning of church authority &
more faith in human reasoning
Renaissance
► Renaissance
means “rebirth”
ƒ Begins in Italy in the mid-1300s & spreads
northward
ƒ Cities in Italy were centers of trade &
manufacturing
ƒ Merchants in Italy had $$$$ and used it to
promote arts & education
ƒ Rebirth of Greco-Roman ideas
Map of Renaissance Europe
Art
►
Leonardo da Vinci
ƒ Artist, inventor
► Mona
Lisa
► The Last Supper
►
Perspective
►
Inventions – plans for
submarines, military tanks,
and flying machines
Art
► Michelangelo
ƒ Painter, sculptor
► Moses
► Statue
of David
► Pieta
► Sistine
► domes
Chapel
Science & Technology
►
Gerardus Mercator’s
projection map
ƒ Shows equidistant
proportion, but does not
correctly represent the
world’s land mass
►
Robinson’s projection –
best representation today
Science & Technology
► Ptolemy
& the
geocentric model
Science & Technology
► Johannes
Gutenberg’s
printing press
► Invented
► Print
in 1456
books using
moveable type
Literature
► *Authors
telling stories about what life is
like, commenting on their world*
► Dante
- The Inferno, aka The Divine
Comedy
► Cervantes
- Don Quixote
Literature
► Shakespeare
tragedies, comedies,
histories, sonnets
ƒ Hamlet
ƒ Romeo & Juliet
Political Science
► Machiavelli
The Prince
► how
rule
– writes
leaders should
end always
justifies the means
► The
Political Science
► The
Medici Family – ruled in Italy, spent
their $$$ on works of art & architecture
► The
Medicis are examples of patrons
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