Personification • Personification is a kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing or quality is talked about as if it were human. • The angry, brooding storm clouds pelted me with their disapproval. The sky is low by Emily Dickinson Personification THE sky is low, the clouds are mean, A travelling flake of snow Across a barn or through a rut Debates if it will go. A narrow wind complains all day How some one treated him; Nature, like us, is sometimes caught Without her diadem. Metaphor • Metaphors are comparisons between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another thing without the use of the word like, as, than, or resembles. • My mind is a sailboat that wanders with the wind. Fifth of July by Anonymous My family is an expired firecracker set off by the blowtorch of divorce. We lay Metaphor scattered in many directions. My father is the wick, badly burnt but still glowing softly. My mother is the blackened paper fluttering down, blowing this way and that, unsure where to land. My sister is the fallen, colorful parachute, lying in a tangled knot, unable to see the beauty she holds. My brother is the fresh, untouched powder that was protected from the flame. And I, I am the singed, outside papers, curled away from everything, silently cursing the blowtorch. Imagery • Imagery is language that appeals to the senses. It creates a vivid description of settings, characters, and actions. • • • • • Touch Taste Sight Sound Smell My Papa’s Waltz by Theodore Roethke The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother’s countenance Could not unfrown itself. The hand that held my wrist Was battered on one knuckle; At every step you missed My right ear scraped a buckle. You beat time on my head With a palm caked hard by dirt, Then waltzed me off to bed Still clinging to your shirt. Imagery Independent Practice 1. Read and identify three (3) examples of imagery in the poem “The Bear” by Galway Kinnell. To which sense(s) does each example appeal? 2. Read and identify two (2) examples of metaphor in the poem “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?” Tell what is being compared in each example. 3. Read and identify one (1) example of personification in the poem “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?” Explain your answer. 4. Ticket Out the Door: Use an example from your assignment to describe how authors use figurative language (metaphor, personification, imagery, etc.) to make the reader react to the poem.