December 10, 1898: Paris Treaty signed ending Spanish American War The treaty stated that the Spanish empire surrendered the territories of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Spanish west indies, Guam and the Philippines. December 15, 1890 Sitting Bull dies and shows downfall to Indians Killed by the indian agency police, His death resulted in the end of indian resistance in the Mid-west February 15, 1898 Battleship Maine explodesbeginning of Spanish American War The USS Maine exploded in the Havana harbor in Cuba, the US immediately blamed Spain and the Spanish American War started. July 3,1890 Sherman Antitrust act Passed by congress, this act was to eliminate monopolies and anticompetitive businesses. July 6, 1893 Homestead Steel Strike turned into battle with Pinkerton police When Carnegie Steel Company stepped up production, the labor union went on strike for wage cuts. Henry Frick, who was in charge of the mill, hired private agencies such as the Pikertin police. The result was serious weakening for the steel industry. July 7, 1898 US annexes independent republic of Hawaii The US annexed Hawaii in 1898, mainly for the sugar and pineapple business. There was a constant struggle for the Hawaiin natives. Its was granted statehood in 1959 July 14, 1893 Sherman Silver Purchase Act It allowed the purchase of 4.5 million ounces of silver per month to cause inflation. This was very beneficial to the poor farmers. It got out hand and directly caused he panic of 1893. July 17, 1897 Klondike Gold Rush begins in Seattle-Gold Rush Skookum Jim Mason, Dawson Charlie and George Washington Carmack found gold in the Klondike river in the Yukon territory in Canada. It was the start of "gold fever" that swept across America. One of the most famous gold ruches in history. March 4, 1893-1897 Grover Cleveland was inaugurated as president Grover Cleveland's 2nd term, only president not to run 2 terms consecutively. His second term was plagued by the unfortunate Panic of 1893 ruining the Democratic party for the next election. March, 1889-1893 Benjamin Harrisons Presidency Being the Grandson of the 9th President, Harrisons Presidency was uneventful. The Sherman Anit-Trust act was passed. May 18, 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson Homer Plessy a 1/8 black man boarded a first class train car and purposely announced he was black. He went to court to challenge the "separate car act". The ruling of the case ended with "separate but equal". May, 1893 Decline in New York Stock market causes Panic of 1893 The worst economic downfall at the time, caused by many factors but mainly from the Sherman Silver Purchase act. Lasted about a year but ruined Grovers term and the democratic party for the next few years. November 3, 1896-1901 Republican William McKinley becomes president. During his first term the SPAM war broke out and America crushed the Spanish and the US gained territory. Mckinley won his 2nd term but was assassinated in 1901. November 5, 1895 1st US patent for automobile The 1st US automobile patent went to George B. Selden. Shortly after Henry Ford contested the patent and finally won. Ford started manufacturing his famous cheaper car in the early 1900's September 6, 1899: The Open Door Policy with China is declared A US policy that proposed to keep China open to trade with all countries, though no 1 country would control china each would control a "Sphere of influence". William Jennings Bryan Cross of gold speech-1896. William J. Bryan was a dominate force in the democratic party. He made his famous "Cross of gold Speech" heavily supporting "free silver" believing that it would bring the nation prosperity. The speech is considered one of greatest political speeches in US history.