Name _________________________________ Social Studies Chapter 5: Newcomers Settle Lesson 1: Settlers in St. Louis A. St. Louis’s First Years 1. St. Louis began as a __________________________________________ on the ___________________________________________________________. 2. Its location, close to where the ______________________________________ and _____________________________ Rivers meet, helped it ______________________. B. Newcomers Arrive *** goods – things that people buy or sell 1. Rivers were used to move _____________________ and ______________________. 2. As St. Louis became bigger, it was the starting point for settlers moving ________________. 3. In St. Louis, pioneers and settlers: a. _____________________________________________________________________ b. _____________________________________________________________________ c. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. _______________________ and ______________________ soon were used for transportation. C. Business Boosts St. Louis *** service – work that someone does for other people *** entrepreneur – a person who takes a risk and starts a business and invests money in it *** profit – the amount of money a business earns after its costs are paid 1. St. Louis’s __________________________ grew as more people came to St. Louis. 2. They didn’t need just goods, but also __________________________________. 3. ________________________________ started businesses to supply these goods and services: a. ______________________________________________________________________ b. ______________________________________________________________________ c. ______________________________________________________________________ d. ______________________________________________________________________ e. ______________________________________________________________________ 4. Entrepreneurs wanted and needed to make a _______________________________ by selling their goods and services. D. St. Louis Today 1. St. Louis is still a busy place and is the _________________________ largest city in Missouri. Skillbuilder ***line graph –a type of graph that uses dots and lines to show how something changes over time 1. A line graph usually shows the change in the ________________________________________ over a certain _______________________________________________. Lesson 2: Moving West A. Transportation in the 1800s *** transportation – the way people or things are carried from place to place 1. People moved west to ________________________________ and ______________________. 2. They used many forms of ____________________________ to move themselves and supplies: ____________________________________________________________________________ B. Steamboats and Railroads *** steam engine – a machine that turns steam into power *** railroad – a track with two steel rails on which trains move 1. The ______________________________________, which uses __________________ for power made transportation ______________________. 2. In 1807, __________________________________________ built the ____________________ _______________________________ . 3. Steam engines were soon used in ___________________________ that ran on ___________________________________ that had been built in the East. C. Communication in the 1800s *** telegraph – a machine that sends signals by electricity 1. Communication is the way people pass _____________________________ to each other. 2. ___________________________________ helped invent the ___________________________ that was used to send information more quickly in the East. 3. Electric signals were sent along _____________________ stretched between telegraph stations. 4. Communication and transportation were _______________________ in the _______________. 5. News was passed along by _______________________ and ___________________________. 6. Then the ________________________________, a group of young horseback riders that carried mail, began delivering mail between Missouri and California. D. Linking East and West 1. In 1861, the Pony Express ended because the first ____________________________________ was built across the ______________________________. 2. In 1869, a _____________________________ from the East to West coasts was completed. Skillbuilder *** map scale – symbols that help to measure distances on a map 1. For example, one inch on the map scale is equal to 300 miles of distance on the map.