Health Quiz 8 & 8

Health Quiz 8 & 8.5
Auto Immune Disease - arise from an overactive immune response of the body against substances and
tissues normally present in the body
Hereditary Disease - A genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes
Congenital Disease - a condition existing at birth and often before birth, or that develops during the first
month of life
Angina - chest pain due to ischemia (a lack of blood and hence oxygen supply) of the heart muscle
Benign - is a medical term used to describe a condition that is harmless
Malignant - is the tendency of a medical condition, especially tumors, to become progressively worse and
to potentially result in death
Carcinogen – a substance that is directly involved in causing cancer
Insulin - Insulin is a hormone that is central to regulating carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body.
Myocardial Infarction - commonly known as a heart attack, is the interruption of blood supply to a part of
the heart, causing heart cells to die
Anti Oxidant - An antioxidant is a molecule capable of inhibiting the oxidation of other molecules.
Free Radical - believed to be involved in causing degenerative diseases and cancers.
Atherosclerosis - is a condition in which an artery wall thickens as the result of a build-up of fatty materials
such as cholesterol
Arteriosclerosis - stiffening of arteries
LDL – bad cholesterol
HDL – good cholesterol
Hypertension - is a chronic medical condition in which the systemic arterial blood pressure is elevated
Sedentary Life Style - is a medical term used to denote a type of lifestyle with no or irregular physical
Diabetes - is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar,
Obesity - is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an
adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems
Metastasis - the spread of a disease from one organ or part to another non-adjacent organ or part
Oncogene - a gene that is mutated or expressed at high levels, and thus helps turn a normal cell into a tumor