I try to avoid eating too much fat. Have you finished reading the book? GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES When two verbs follow each other, the second verb can be: a) an infinitive ( to + verb / verb) b) a gerund (verb + ing) 1. THE TO INFINITIVE IS USED: After certain verbs: AFFORD, AGREE, ARRANGE, CHOOSE, DECIDE, EXPECT, HOPE, LEARN, MANAGE, NEED, OFFER, PLAN, PROMISE, REFUSE, SEEM, USED TO, VOLUNTEER, WANT… I used to smoke when I was younger. He doesn´t want to give me another opportunity. THE INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO IS USED: 1. After modal and auxiliary verbs: They may arrive late Does your mother work here? 3. After make / let + OBJECT: My parents don´t let me have a piercing. She made me work very hard. THE GERUND IS USED: 1. As the subject of the sentence (replacing an infinitive): Climbing isn´t easy. Studying is boring. 2. After prepositions and phrasal verbs: I am tired of waiting for him. He gave up smoking last year. 3. After certain expressions: - 5. Can´t help: It´s no use: It is (isn’t) worth: Be used to/ Get used to Look forward to I can´t help thinking of you all the time. It´s no use complaining to the manager. It isn´t worth visiting that place. I am not used to getting up so early. I look forward to seeing you soon. After certain verbs: ADORE / AVOID / CONSIDER / CONTINUE / DELAY / DENY / MIND / ENJOY / FINISH / IMAGINE / KEEP / MISS / POSTPONE / RISK / SUGGEST ... GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Some verbs can be followed either by a gerund or an infinitive without any change in their meaning in the simple present or past tenses : - BEGIN / START / LIKE / LOVE / ADORE / PREFER / HATE I like cooking / I like to cook on Sundays. However, they must be followed by the infinitive in the conditional: I’d love to see you soon. GERUND - INFINITIVE Gerund or Infinitive – Fill in the correct form. 1. Mary enjoys ___________________ to music. (listen) 2. I don’t mind ___________________ the washing up. (do) 3. Mathew is really good at ___________________ . (cook) 4. She is interested in ___________________ a doctor. (become) 5. When I met her I couldn’t help ___________________ her. (hug) 6. I don’t feel like ___________________ English today. (study) 7. ___________________ sport every day is good for your health. (do) 8. It’s no use ___________________ over spilt milk. (cry) 9. At last they decided ___________________ the apartment. (rent) 10. Would you mind ___________________ this letter for me? (post) 11. They suggested ___________________ by bus. (travel) 12. We plan ___________________ to Europe this summer(go) 13. We were all happy about ___________________ the New Year in Vienna. (celebrate) 14. Just avoid ___________________ unnecessary mistakes. (make) 15. Can you imagine ___________________ my car before we leave? (finish) 16. We are used ___________________ up early in the morning. (get) 17. She likes ___________________ . (paint) 18. Mary keeps ___________________ about her problems. (talk) 19. They started _________________________ the letters. (answer) 20. Nancy seemed ___________________ disappointed. (be) 22. He won’t go by plane. He is afraid of __________________ . (fly) 38. Their memories of __________________ in Africa will stay with them forever. (travel) 23. I am lazy. I don’t feel like __________________ any work. (do) 39. __________________ is good for your health. (swim) 24. She seems __________________ her new job. (like) 40. She made us ________________ for hours. (wait) 25. Don’t you mind __________________ away from your family for such a long time? (be) 41. Paul gave up __________________ five years ago. (smoke) 21. The students hope __________________ the exam. (pass) 26. The children promised __________________ back by nine. (be) 27. I wanted to go alone but Joe insisted on __________________ with me. (come) 42. She let me __________________ out until midnight. (stay)) 43. I used __________________ basketball during my college years. (play) 44. I’m used to ___________________ (have) a hot drink before going to bed. 28. Tom offered __________________ me home. (bring) 45. She has often made me ___________________ (cry). 29. I’m sorry I can’t come to your party but thank you for __________________ me. (invite) 46. He had made his decision and refused ___________________ (change) his mind. 30. Our neighbours apologized for __________________ such noise. (make) 47. It was a good holiday. I enjoyed ___________________ (be) by the sea. 31. She eventually managed __________________ her bike. (repair) 48. I like ___________________ (think) carefully about things before ___________________ (make) a decision. 32. Would you like __________________ a cup of coffee? (drink) 33. I prefer __________________ to skiing. (snowboard) 27. (understand) __________________ him is difficult. 28. He refused ________________ me what all the fuss was about. (tell) 29. I let her ________________ on with her work. (get) 30. I crossed the road without ________________ . (look) 31. My mum made us ________________ our bedrooms. ( tidy) 32. She learned ________________ pupils with respect. (treat) 33. I couldn’t help ________________ when I saw the bride in the beautiful white dress. (cry) 34. My uncle has given up ________________ and now he prefers ________________ . (smoke, eat) 35. I agreed ________________ him if he is in trouble. (help) 36. I enjoy ________________ alone. I never feel lonely. (be) 37. The man denied __________________ the crime. (commit) 49. Steve used ___________________ (be) a footballer. 50. I promised __________________ (care) for the cat but I'm not much good at __________________ (babysit). 51. I let him __________________ (choose) between __________________ (fly) and __________________ (take) the train. 52. The film was really worth __________________ (see) so we made Mary __________________ (go) to the movies with us. 53. ___________ (write) letters is more boring than ________________ (phone). 54. I am not used to __________________ (smoke) in the car. 55. BarÇa succeeded in __________________the Spanish championship. (win) Now, you have to memorise them, but not all at once!!! You should do it writing sentences.