Chapter 4 Essentials

Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
4.1 Organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds
 Organic Chemistry- organic, Stanley Miller
Concept Check 1
4.2 Carbon atoms can form diverse molecules by bonding to four other atoms
 The Formation of Bonds with Carbon
 Molecular Diversity Arising from Carbon Skeleton Variationhydrocarbons
Concept Check 1,2,3
4.3 Functional groups are the parts of molecules involved in chemical reactions
 The Functional Groups Most Important in the Chemistry of Lifefunctional groups, hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, sulfhydryl,
phosphate, alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, amines, thiols,
organic phosphates,
 ATP- adenosine triphosphate
Concept Check 1,2
Testing Your Knowledge 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9