Origins of the Italian Renaissance

Composers started using poetry from famous poets in the 15th and 16th Century. Italian
composers were Orlando di Lasso, Gesualdo da Venosa, and Luca Marenzio. Two
different ways to compose:
Polyphonic-different voices (bassius, tenor, altus, and cantus-soprano) and they enter at
different times.
Homophonic-voices enter together.
Kyrie, Sanctus, Benedictus, Agnus Dei-polyphonic
Gloria, Credo-homophonic
Palestrina-uses Gregorian chant in two ways and secular songs are variations for Mass.
Council of Trento (church) abolished the use of secular songs and instruments in church,
only organs were allowed. Venice rebelled and used full orchestra in San Marco.
Rhetoric was invented in Greece. It emphasized important words.
Madrigalism is using music as word painting. For example, in regards to the word “die”
you would use low tones. It gave composers more liberty.
There were important developments of instruments. String-Venice. Organ was divided
into groups of pipes.