Female Vocabulary Vagina- The female organ of intercourse. Ovaries- The glands which produce the female’s eggs and sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone). Estrogen & Progesterone - The female hormones regulate the menstrual cycle and are responsible for the changes during puberty. Cervix- The narrow opening or neck of the uterus. It expands to allow a baby to be born. Ovum- The egg cell produced in the ovary of a female. It is a single cell about the size of a grain of sand. Uterus- The pear-shaped, hollow organ in which the baby develops. This is a muscle so it can stretch as the fetus grows bigger and needs more room. Also called the womb. Fallopian Tubes- These narrow tubes are passageways from the ovaries to the uterus and the place where the male’s sperm can fertilize the female’s ovum (egg). Cilia- Microscopic hair like projections that carry the ovum through the tube from the ovary to the uterus. Fimbria- The fringes at the end of each fallopian tube that help draw an egg cell into the tube on its way to the uterus. Placenta- Organ that nourishes the fetus during development in the mother. Urethra- Brings urine out of the body in the woman and urine and semen out of the body for men. Hymen- A sheath of skin at the entrance of the vagina. Ovulation- The release of one or more eggs from the ovaries, usually about 10 days before a menstrual cycle. Menstruation- The discharge of blood and tissue from the uterus. Labia- Folds of skin outside the vagina. Fertilization- The joining of a sperm with an egg cell, conception. Egg Cell- The reproductive cell in the females’ body. Endometrium- The lining of the uterus. Gynecologist- Doctor that take care of a female’s reproductive system. Obstetrician- Baby doctor.