Gilded Age & Progressive Era Test Review 1. How did immigration to the United States change between the years 1854 and 1907? 2. How did John D. Rockefeller gain his wealth? 3. How did labor unions help workers? 4. What are robber barons and who were some examples? 5. What helped to force the removal of Native Americans from the Great Plains? 6. What made the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad possible? 7. What tactics did the AFL and Samuel Gompers use to help labor unions and workers? 8. What was a monopoly/trust? 9. What was the purpose of the Chinese Exclusion Act? 10. What were the causes of the various battles between the U.S. Army and Native Americans on the Great Plains? 11. What were the goals of the AFL and Samuel Gompers? 12. Where and when was the Transcontinental Railroad completed? 13. Where was the majority of U.S. population from 1860s to 1920 and what began to grow as a result? 14. Why is Thomas Edison significant to history? 15. Why was the production of steel important after the Civil War? 16. What encouraged western settlement after the Civil War? 17. Name one of the leading Sioux warriors at the Battle of Little Big Horn. 18. What was Ellis Island? 19. How was John D. Rockefeller a Captain of Industry? 20. Explain the Homestead Act. 21. Explain who mostly built each side of the Transcontinental railroad. 22. What was the Pullman Strike and who led the strikers? 23. What was the purpose of the Grandfather Clause? 24. What were the Jim Crow Laws? 25. What was the purpose of Plessy v. Ferguson? 26. What did Booker T. Washington advocate? 27. What were the goals of the Progressive Movement? 28. Who were the muckrakers? 29. What are initiatives, recalls, and referendums? 30. What was the purpose of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle? 31. What was the primary goal of the NAACP? 32. What was the purpose of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act? 33. What did the 17th Amendment do and who gained from it? 34. Who were the Progressive Presidents? 35. What was Conservatio and who contributed most to those efforts? 36. Who was Jane Addams and who did she try to help? 37. Who was Ida Tarbell? Discussion – Choose one and be able to write 10 sentences about the topic. 1. Explain the differences between Booker T. Wahsington and W.E.B. Du Bois in their views on how to attain racial equality. 2. Explain 4 problems that existed in American society in the late 1800s and explain how the Progressives tried to fix these problems. 3. How did steel and the railroads impact both the development of cities and the spread West? Review Questions from previous tests: What are examples of the principle of checks and balances? What effect did the Erie Canal have on New York? What is the purpose of the Bill of Rights? What was the purpose of the Freedmen’s bureau? Where did Cornwallis surrender to Washington thus ending the American Revolution? Which abolitionists led violent movements? Which economic system calls for a greater number of exports than imports? Who agreed to a period of servitude in return for passage to the New World? Who explored the Louisiana Purchase? Why was Shays’ Rebellion important to American history?