APPENDIX A: Descriptions of Persons and Entities on the OEDP Committee Biography of Ken LaDeaux Rosebud Sioux Tribal member and Rosebud Community member. Graduate of California State University, Northridge, California with a B.A in Economics. Current President of Rosebud Community. Previous Business Manager of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. General Manager of Little Sioux, Rosebud Educational Society, a direct mail fundraising organization. Business Manager, Brule Sioux, a local arts and crafts cooperative operating on the Rosebud Sioux Reservation. President/Owner, Denver Minority Business Development Group, a consulting firm specializing in financing and procurement for minority businesses in Colorado. 20 years experience in consulting with American Indian Tribes and Alaska Natives Corporation in community and economic development. Private consultant service to private individuals and firms in financing and procurement with government agencies. Description and History of Sinte Gleska University The Sinte Gleska University is located in Mission, South Dakota and has been in operation for twenty-nine (29) years. It has grown from an Indian Junior College to a fully accredited University. It is represented in the Empowerment Zone Steering Committee by the following individuals: 1. Nora Antoine 2. Kathy Fredericks 3. Shawn Bordeaux Biography of Nora Antoine Received a B.S. and an M.A. in Business Management. Is an enrolled member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Is a previous business owner. Currently works at Sinte Gleska University Past president of the Mission Chamber of Commerce. Is currently a board member of the Casey Family Program Serves as a Tax Commissioner for the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Her work includes acting as a moderator and facilitator with the Kettering Foundation. As a parent, her interests include economic policy and family restoration. Biography of Kathy Fredericks Enrolled member of Rosebud Sioux Tribe Lifetime resident of Okreek Working toward degree in Tribal Management at Sinte Gleska University Associate of Arts From Sinte Gleska University, 1989 Worked at Sinte Gleska University for 18 years in the following capacities: Institutional Activities Coordinator; Administrative Assistant to the Foundation; Bookstore Manager; Graphic Arts Assistant; Adminstrative Assistant for Special Services Program Lakota Territory Arts Council, Chairperson for 2 years Lakota Territory Arts Council, Vice-Chairperson for 3 years Mission Improvement Committee Oyate Trail of Southern South Dakota Reservation Tourism Task Force, Chairperson Sicangu Enterprise Center, 5 years Oyate Networking Project Title VII, Bilingual education, Parent Advisory Board Sinte Gleska University Board of Directors Council of Northern Plains Tribal Arts Native Arts Planning Effort South Dakotan for the Arts Board Biography of Shawn Bordeaux Enrolled member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Received his B.S. in Business Administration in 1992 from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Is Regional Director of the Small Business Development Center, providing free business consulting and seminars for 14 counties in South Dakota including eight reservation counties. Will be teaching Introduction to Gaming Operations at Sinte Gleska University in Mission, SD this fall and Provides training for many programs including HeadStart, Housing, TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families), NEW (Native Employment Works), JTPA and the Rosebud Casino and Quality Inn Hotel. Is currently completing his Master’s Thesis on the socio-economic impact of the Rosebud Casino to complete his Master’s degree in Community and Regional Planning from UNL. Description and History of SWA Corporation The SWA (Rosebud Housing Authority) Corporation was formed in 1961 with the purpose of providing safe, affordable, and sanitary houses to low income individuals and families. It has been in existence for 37 years and has grown to an organization which today oversees and manages 1,054 dwelling units. It is represented in the Empowerment Zone Steering Committee by Mr. George Keller, Executive Director. Biography of George Keller, Executive Director Born on the Rosebud Reservation. Attended Elementary and High School at St. Francis Mission, St. Francis, South Dakota. Bachelor of Science Degree, Chadron State Teachers College, Chadron, Nebraska. Masters Degree, South Dakota State Universty, Brookings, South Dakota. 28 years – Bureau of Indian Affairs. 4 years U.S. Navy. Retired in 1992 after 32 years Federal Government service 3 year – Public Housing. 2 years – Indian Housing Authority. 1 ½ – Director Resource Development, Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Description and History of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe Resource Development Office The Resource Development Office is the main planning office for the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and has been in existence for 30 years. It is the lead participant in the development of the Round II Empowerment Zone Application. It is represented on the Empowerment Zone Steering Committee by the following individuals: 1.) Amos Prue, Director, Resource Development Office 2.) Tina Neal, Contract Specialist, Resource Development Office 3.) Sherman Wright, Planner, Resource Development Office Biography of Amos Prue, Director Ten (10) year Director, Rosebud Housing Authority (1988 to (1996) Ten (10) year Interviewer and Office Manager, Job Service of South Dakota (1972 to1980) Student and Alumnus of Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD (1967 to 1970) Self-employed in ranching business (1976 to 1998) Two (2) year term, Council representative for District II (Okreek/Butte Creek) (1980-1982) (1995-1997) Biography of Tina Neal, Contract Specialist Enrolled Rosebud Sioux Tribal Member. Raised on the Rosebud Reservation and a lifelong member of the Antelope Community. 3 years of studies in Health Administration 2 years of studies in Business Planning and Administration. Currently works as a Contract Specialist in Resource Development Office Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Worked with Indian Health Services, Non-Profit organizations and Cultural Development Programs. Served on the Cultural Affairs Committee for the Rapid City Chamber of Commerce. Worked as a private contractor for the Association on American Indian Affairs in the putting together the first Native Vote effort in Indian Country Diabetes research within Aberdeen Area IHS. Served as a member of the liaison team for the Rapid City Arts Council. Public Relations and Marketing coordinator for the Rapid City Chamber of Commerce for their Cultural Development program. Events and activities include Black Hills Pow Wow, Crazy Horse Monument, Journey Museum, Cultural Youth Awareness within the Rapid City school system. Member of the Women’s Unity Society. Biography of Sherman Wright, Tribal Planner Member of Rosebud Sioux Tribe Resident: Mission, SD ( Antelope Community) and Okreek, SD (Okreek Community) for forty (40) years. BS in Business Administration, Dakota Wesleyan University, Mitchell, SD (1980). MPA in Public Administration, University of South Dakota; Vermilion, SD (1989). BA in Business Management, Haskell Indian Junior College; Lawrence, KS. Employment: Tribal – 15 years Tribal Administrator of such programs as; Intermodel Surface Transportation Efficiency Act, Resource Development Office, Personnel, Human Resource, 701 Planning, Planning Office, Vital Statistics, Tribal Employment and Contracting Rights Office, Tribal Land Enterprise Government 12 years Indian Health Services; Rosebud SD; Bureau of Indian Affairs; Rosebud, SD; U.S. Treasury, San Francisco. Private Work Experience– National Episcopal Church, NY; Lincoln Indian Center, NE; Native American Technical Assistance, NM. Description and History of Rosebud Sioux Tribal Council Federal legal recognition of the Sioux Indians stems from several treaties, but especially the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851. The Great Sioux Reservation, which consisted of the west half of South Dakota, was established with the Treaty of 1868. By 1889, the Reservation had been reduced to a number of small tracts. During this time the various Chiefs of the Sioux were allowed to select one of these areas for settlement. In 1877 the Brule Sioux, led by Spotted Tail, settled in the Rosebud area. In 1877 the Rosebud Reservation boundaries were established and the Rosebud Agency was created in 1878 (Grobsmith 1981:11-13). This Reservation included all of the land area in the counties of Mellette, Todd, Tripp and Gregory and a portion of Lyman County (Map 1). In 1977 a Supreme Court Decision (Rosebud Sioux Tribe v. Kneip) reduced the reservation area to Todd County (Grobsmith 1981:18). In 1935 the Rosebud Sioux Tribe reorganized their traditional political system and adopted the structure set forth in the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. They were issued a charter by the Secretary of the Interior. This charter established them as a representative democracy governed by a tribal constitution and bylaws (Grobsmith 1981:28). The current elected governmental structure of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe consists of three branches: (1.) Executive (President, Vice-president, Secretary, and Treasurer), (2) Tribal Council (20 representatives from the 13 districts and further made up of 20 recognized Indian communities) and (3) Judiciary (Chief Justice). The Executive and Tribal Council positions are elected every two years. The Judiciary representative is elected by the Tribal Council. The Tribal Council’s main purpose is to legislate and develop programs and services for members of the Tribe and to regulate the economic affairs of the Tribe. Currently, there are 27 committees established by the Council to administer various programs. The Tribe administers a variety of programs consisting of direct grants and /or contracts with the State and Federal governments. Biography of Ronald Gassman Three (3) year term Tribal Council member representing District and Rosebud Community. Current and past Chairperson of the Tribal Economic Development Committee, the Tribal Highway and Rights of Way Committee and the Veterans Committee. A Honorable Discharged Veteran and a combat veteran of the Vietnam War. A graduate and alumnus of Sinte Gleska University. A member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and life-long resident of Rosebud. History and Description of Tribal Land Enterprise TLE was created by the Rosebud Sioux Tribe in 1943 to combat fractionated heirship and the checkerboard effect on the reservation. It administers a total of 767,427 acres of land of which 470,047 is 100% Tribal owned and the remainder belongs to allottees (297,380). It has an active land purchase program and has acquired 24,000 acres since 1986. TLE has daily contact with many residents of the area and is the key organization which deals with land issues. Its long history of land management makes it an integral EZ participating entity. Biography of Ben Black Bear, Jr., Chairman, Tribal Land Enterprise Born on the Rosebud Reservation and has lived there his entire life life. B.S. degree from the University of South Dakota. Presently coordinator of the GAP (General Assistance Program) under the Water Resource Program of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Worked (9) nine years for Sinte Gleska University as chairman of the Indian Studies Department and Vice-President of Community Services Program. Appointed Tribal Secretary for the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Elected as Vice-President of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe for two (2) terms. Thirteen years as chairman of the Board of Directors of TLE (Tribal Land Enterprise) of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. served as member of this same board of directors for a total of eighteen (18) years. Chairman of TLE for five years. Director of the Office of Native Concerns in the Diocese of Rapid City, South Dakota for two years. History and Description of Tribal Utilities Commission The RST-TUC is established per Title 20-3-101 RST Law and Order Code. The TUC was created in March, 1990. The purpose of the TUC is to regulate utility companies within the reservation boundaries. The general jurisdiction of the commission extends to and includes telecommunications services, telegraph, and telephone companies engaged in the transmission of messages or conversations by voice or electronic means; pipeline utilities engaged in the generation and distribution of light or power, gas utilities engaged in the distribution of natural, synthetic, or artificial gas; water companies for the storage and distribution of water for domestic or other beneficial use; and, heating utilities engaged in the distribution of heat, and all other utilities that operate, maintain or control any equipment or facilities within the reservation. The following is a list of Commission accomplishments: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. WAPA Reserve Contract Internet Provider Information for Secondary Schools Primestar Education TV for Secondary Schools Council on Energy Resource Tribes Board of Representation Intertribal Council and Utility Policy Board of Representatives Rosebud Housing Authority Weatherization Rosebud Sioux Tribe and Casino Energy Efficiency and Wind Power Analysis. The Commission is also working in providing research for tribal economic development projects for the RST Economic Development Committee as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Tribal Utility Authority Tribal Cellular Project (Cell One Partnership) Tribal Telephone Prepaid Calling Cards Tribal Internet Provider Project Tribal Wide Area Network Tribal Electric Utility Company Tribal Propane Company 8. 9. White River Hydro Dam Renewable Energy Projects. The TUC is represented on the Empowerment Zone Steering Committee by Mr. Tony Rogers, Director. Biography of Tony Rogers, Director Member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and lives on Rosebud Reservation. Graduate of Yankton College and the National Education Center Electronic Technology Center. Currently the Director of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe Utility Commission office. This is a Tribal sub-division created to provide regulatory authority on utilities operating within the Rosebud Reservation. Represents the tribe on the Council of Energy Resource Tribes Board of Directors. Member of the Intertribal Council On Utility Policy. This is an organization created to provide information on rights and resources for utility services on tribal lands with respect to regulatory authority, legislation, policy, and economic opportunity through partnership in telecommunications and energy development. Worked in tribal government, Indian programs, and the private sector in various capacities over the past 20 years. Tribal Director and St. Francis Community Treasurer for the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Government Network Sales for First Computer Concepts. Network & E-Mail Administrator for Merrill Corporation. Computer Instructor and Studio Engineer for Migizi/ATC Communications. Consultant services include work with for Migizi/ATC Communications, Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Description and History of the Tribal Empowerment and Contracting Rights Office (TECRO) The RST-TECRO was created on August 06, 1986 and per RST No. 86-132 and has now been in existence for a period of 22 years. The purpose of the TECRO is to enhance Indian employment, training, and participation in contracting projects within the exterior boundaries of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. It also coordinates the efforts of contracting entities, employees, and the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, to facilitate efficient and effective utilization of Indian contractors and Indian employees upon such projects. The RST-TECRO is represented on the Empowerment Zone Steering Committee by Mr. Mark Rogers, Director. Biography of Mark Rogers, Director Enrolled member of Rosebud Sioux Tribe Resident of White River T.H. Pickens Technical Center, Electrician Training Director of RST-Tribal Employment and Contracting Office (TECRO) Co-owner of Roger Brothers Electric for 3 ½ years Electrical apprentice for 3 years History and Description of Sicangu Enterprise Center The Sicangu Enterprise Center has been operating since 1990. The Sicangu Enterprise Center is a community partnership organization governed by a Board of Directors that provides services to individuals and their families in the development of home-based businesses. Home-based businesses include crafts people, artists, wood cutters, consultants, cooks, childcare provided, auto mechanics, etc. The services provided by the SEC include business planning, marketing support, microenterprise loans and on-going technical assistance. Since the SEC started in 1990, it has provided forty-four (44) individuals with over $110,000 in loans with technical services. The SEC primarily uses what is called the peer group model for participation in the SEC. In this model, individuals join together to guarantee others’ loans to provide assistance to each other’s business planning and development. Specific services provided by the SEC include: a) Business Planning The SEC assists clients in the development of written business plans. This plan is developed during the orientation process and occurs as part of a par group of through individual consultation. b) Marketing Services The SEC assists clients in the marketing and sale of their products and services by finding outlets. It also assists in providing assistance in the improvement of individual/client products so that they will be more marketable. c) Micro-Enterprise Loans SEC provides loans to individuals and groups to assist in business development. The loans are based on the business and market plans and must follow loan policies. d) Youth Enterprise Project SEC provides loans to individuals and youth groups between the ages of 14 to 18 years. The purpose is to educate and to instill the concept of entreprenuership and the private enterprise system. e) Cultural Facilities Planning SEC is promoting a project that is working on the design and development of a cultural facility to serve all people who live in the area. This planning process is a year-long effort that includes art education, community input and fundraising. This project is being done in collaboration with the Lakota Territory Arts Council and Sinte Gleska University. The SEC is represented on the Empowerment Zone Steering Committee by Michael LaPointe. Biography of Mike LaPointe, Director Member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe Originally from the Night Pipe tiospaye of O'kreek on the maternal side of his family and from the LaPointe tiospaye of Rosebud on the paternal side of his family. Executive Director of the Sicangu Enterprise Center (SEC) Established Homebuyer's Education Program designed to increase homeownership opportunities for members of the tribe. BS in Economics from the University of South Dakota (USD) in Vermillion (1998) Actively involved with the USD chapter of American Indian Business Leaders (AIBL). He is an alumni member of Pi Kappa Alpha international fraternity at USD. Michael plans on obtaining his Masters Degree in Public Administration from Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government in Cambridge, Massachusetts. History and Description of Rosebud Sioux Tribe Higher Education Committee The Rosebud Sioux Tribe Higher Education Committee was established under the Rosebud Sioux Tribes Constitution and By-Laws per RST Ordinance No. 80-05. The purpose of the Committee is to develop and coordinate all education and related programs and to improve the education process and standards on the Rosebud Sioux Reservation. The Committee operates with participation of individuals and groups representing all communities of the Reservation. The Committee is represented on the EZ Steering Committee by Donald Schoop. Biography of Donald Schoop, Director Higher Education Grant Program, Scholarship Officer BS Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Wyoming (1996) Member of University of Wyoming Track and Field team 1994 NCAA Division I All-American in the Decathlon 1994 Texas Relays Champion in Decathlon 1994 Mt. Sac (Los Angeles) Champion in the Decathlon Member of the University of Wyoming Football team 1993 played in Copper Bowl Attended graduate school in Social Psychology University of Colorado (Spring 1997) University of Washington (Summer 1997) Worked as the Academic Counselor at Saint Francis Indian School.