Unit Guide Three

AP US History (Mr. Palmieri)
Semester One, Unit Three: 1820-1850
In this unit we will explore expanding economic and commercial enterprises in the young United States. An expansion of
political participation is also witnessed, as well as the emergence of several social reform movements.
Wednesday, October 7: Industrialization in America (c. 9) p 262-267
1. How were the textile (cotton and wool) industries born in the US and how were these new factories powered?
2. What technological advances were made in this period and how did those advances alter American society?
3. Describe what characterized the factory system at Waltham and Lowell, Massachusetts.
Vocab: mass production, division of labor, Sam. Slater, Waltham Plan, Lowell Mills
Document 9-2, A Mill Worker Describes her Life and Work (1844) Read the document. Answer the follow-up question in
the book that you find most interesting. Write a question for which you are curious about your classmate’s insights.
Thursday, October 8: Moving Goods to Market (c. 9) p 270-278 (start at “Labor Ideology”)
4. What effect did the revolution in transportation have on American society, economics, and politics? Did
the changes in transportation increase or decrease sectionalism?
5. What effects did the building of the Erie Canal have?
6. What were the reasons for increased urbanization during this period? What were the changes that resulted
from that expansion?
Vocab: Commonwealth vs Hunt, Erie Canal, Railroad Boom, Fulton’s Clermont, National Road
Friday, October 9: Slavery in the South (c. 12) p 351-359
7. How was the South meeting the demand for slaves while the trans-Atlantic slave trade was being eliminated?
8. What crops demanded the use of slave labor? In what states were these crops grown? Which crops were farmed
earlier and which were crops farmed right before the Civil War?
9. What impacts did the domestic slave economy have on the lives of slaves and on slave families?
Vocab: Atlantic Slave Trade, Domestic Slave Trade
Monday, October 12: Slavery in the South (c. 12) p 359-366
10. How did southerners justify the institution of slavery and how did they try to defend the institution?
11. Discuss reasons the South lagged so far behind in industrialization.
Vocab: planter aristocracy, gang-labor system, driver
Tuesday, October 13: Slavery in the South (c. 12) 370-378
ROUNDTABLE REFORMERS assigned, with accompanying documents
12. Take a least a page of notes on important ideas and concepts in the reading. You can identify some key terms but also
focus on main ideas discussed in the reading.
Mon., Oct. 19: Ethnic Conflict/The Benevolent Empire (c. 9) p 283-289, Individualism/Communalism (c. 11) p 321-332
13. What were the aims of the Temperance Movement?
14. Who was immigrating to the United States and what types of conflicts resulted?
15. Summarize the main ideas of transcendentalism.
16. Why was Oneida founded and what happened to Oneida?
17. Discuss the chronology of the Mormons including their founding and migration
Vocab: Nativism, Benevolent Empire, Charles Finney, Emerson, Henry D. Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Shakers, Brook Farm
Tuesday, October 20: Abolition Movement (c.11) p 332-342
18. What was Nat Turner’s Rebellion and what were its effects?
19. What were the tactics of the evangelical abolitionists?
20. Who were the opponents of abolitionism and what were the methods they used?
Vocab: abolition, David Walker, William L. Garrison, The Liberator, American Anti-Slavery Society, Harriet
Tubman, Underground Railroad.
Wednesday, October 21: Wednesday, October 22: the Women’s Rights Movement (c.11) 342-349
21. How did the reform movements for abolition and women’s rights illustrate strengths and weaknesses of
democracy in America?
22. What were the origins of the Women’s Movement?
23. What was the Seneca Falls Convention and what were its effects?
Vocab: Dorothea Dix, Catherine Beecher, Sojourner Truth, Susan B. Anthony, E. Cady Stanton
Thursday/Friday, October 22/23 (EXDAY)
Monday, October 26: Popular Politics (c. 10) p 292-302
24. How was democracy changing and expanding in the 1810’s and 20’s?
25. What did Clay’s American System entail?
26. What was the Tariff of 1828 and why did it anger many Americans?
27. Why is the election of 1828 often considered a revolution?
Vocab: political machine, Spoils System
Tuesday, October 27: Andrew Jackson’s Presidency (c. 10) p 302-306
28. How did Jackson utilize the Spoils System and his “Kitchen Cabinet”?
29. Discuss the “Tariff of Abominations,” SC’s act of nullification, and how the situation was resolved
30. What were the opposing viewpoints in the Bank War?
Vocab: Second Bank of the U.S., National (Maysville) Road veto, Daniel Webster
Wednesday, October 28: Indian Removal and the Trail of Tears (c. 10) p 306-312
31. Take a least a page of notes on important ideas and concepts in the reading. You can identify some key terms but also
focus on main ideas discussed in the reading. Include this vocab in your notes: Indian Removal Act of 1830, Cherokee
Nation vs. Georgia, Worcester vs. Georgia, Trail of Tears, Roger Taney, Charles River Bridge vs. Warren Bridge
Thursday, October 29: The Whig Party and the Election of 1840 (c. 10) p 312-319
32. Make a bullet-point list of the information characterizing the Whig Party.
33. Discuss the Panic of 1837 and the beginnings of the labor movement.
34. What characterized the election of 1840? What issues were prominent?
Monday, November 2: Unit Three Review
Tuesday, November 3: UNIT THREE TEST
Review Questions for Unit Three:
What elements contributed to the economic growth of the U.S. during this period?
How and why did the life of the working class change in this period?
What effect did the revolution in transportation have on American society, economics, and politics?
How was democracy broadened during this period? Who benefited and who didn’t?
In what ways was the presidency expanded by Jackson?
How did reform movements give previously excluded voices an arena to discuss issues and grievances?
What kinds of institutions and cultural developments established a national identity and American culture?