AP US History (Mr. Palmieri) Semester One, Unit Three: 1820-1850 In this unit we will explore expanding economic and commercial enterprises in the young United States. An expansion of political participation is also witnessed, as well as the emergence of several social reform movements. Wednesday, October 7: Industrialization in America (c. 9) p 262-267 1. How were the textile (cotton and wool) industries born in the US and how were these new factories powered? 2. What technological advances were made in this period and how did those advances alter American society? 3. Describe what characterized the factory system at Waltham and Lowell, Massachusetts. Vocab: mass production, division of labor, Sam. Slater, Waltham Plan, Lowell Mills Document 9-2, A Mill Worker Describes her Life and Work (1844) Read the document. Answer the follow-up question in the book that you find most interesting. Write a question for which you are curious about your classmate’s insights. Thursday, October 8: Moving Goods to Market (c. 9) p 270-278 (start at “Labor Ideology”) 4. What effect did the revolution in transportation have on American society, economics, and politics? Did the changes in transportation increase or decrease sectionalism? 5. What effects did the building of the Erie Canal have? 6. What were the reasons for increased urbanization during this period? What were the changes that resulted from that expansion? Vocab: Commonwealth vs Hunt, Erie Canal, Railroad Boom, Fulton’s Clermont, National Road Friday, October 9: Slavery in the South (c. 12) p 351-359 7. How was the South meeting the demand for slaves while the trans-Atlantic slave trade was being eliminated? 8. What crops demanded the use of slave labor? In what states were these crops grown? Which crops were farmed earlier and which were crops farmed right before the Civil War? 9. What impacts did the domestic slave economy have on the lives of slaves and on slave families? Vocab: Atlantic Slave Trade, Domestic Slave Trade Monday, October 12: Slavery in the South (c. 12) p 359-366 10. How did southerners justify the institution of slavery and how did they try to defend the institution? 11. Discuss reasons the South lagged so far behind in industrialization. Vocab: planter aristocracy, gang-labor system, driver Tuesday, October 13: Slavery in the South (c. 12) 370-378 ROUNDTABLE REFORMERS assigned, with accompanying documents 12. Take a least a page of notes on important ideas and concepts in the reading. You can identify some key terms but also focus on main ideas discussed in the reading. Mon., Oct. 19: Ethnic Conflict/The Benevolent Empire (c. 9) p 283-289, Individualism/Communalism (c. 11) p 321-332 13. What were the aims of the Temperance Movement? 14. Who was immigrating to the United States and what types of conflicts resulted? 15. Summarize the main ideas of transcendentalism. 16. Why was Oneida founded and what happened to Oneida? 17. Discuss the chronology of the Mormons including their founding and migration Vocab: Nativism, Benevolent Empire, Charles Finney, Emerson, Henry D. Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Shakers, Brook Farm Tuesday, October 20: Abolition Movement (c.11) p 332-342 18. What was Nat Turner’s Rebellion and what were its effects? 19. What were the tactics of the evangelical abolitionists? 20. Who were the opponents of abolitionism and what were the methods they used? Vocab: abolition, David Walker, William L. Garrison, The Liberator, American Anti-Slavery Society, Harriet Tubman, Underground Railroad. Wednesday, October 21: Wednesday, October 22: the Women’s Rights Movement (c.11) 342-349 ADD THREE-FOUR SENTENCE BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY to the Google doc link at website 21. How did the reform movements for abolition and women’s rights illustrate strengths and weaknesses of democracy in America? 22. What were the origins of the Women’s Movement? 23. What was the Seneca Falls Convention and what were its effects? Vocab: Dorothea Dix, Catherine Beecher, Sojourner Truth, Susan B. Anthony, E. Cady Stanton Thursday/Friday, October 22/23 (EXDAY) REFORMERS ROUNDTABLE, QUESTIONS AND DOCUMENT ANALYSIS DUE Monday, October 26: Popular Politics (c. 10) p 292-302 24. How was democracy changing and expanding in the 1810’s and 20’s? 25. What did Clay’s American System entail? 26. What was the Tariff of 1828 and why did it anger many Americans? 27. Why is the election of 1828 often considered a revolution? Vocab: political machine, Spoils System Tuesday, October 27: Andrew Jackson’s Presidency (c. 10) p 302-306 28. How did Jackson utilize the Spoils System and his “Kitchen Cabinet”? 29. Discuss the “Tariff of Abominations,” SC’s act of nullification, and how the situation was resolved 30. What were the opposing viewpoints in the Bank War? Vocab: Second Bank of the U.S., National (Maysville) Road veto, Daniel Webster Wednesday, October 28: Indian Removal and the Trail of Tears (c. 10) p 306-312 31. Take a least a page of notes on important ideas and concepts in the reading. You can identify some key terms but also focus on main ideas discussed in the reading. Include this vocab in your notes: Indian Removal Act of 1830, Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia, Worcester vs. Georgia, Trail of Tears, Roger Taney, Charles River Bridge vs. Warren Bridge Thursday, October 29: The Whig Party and the Election of 1840 (c. 10) p 312-319 32. Make a bullet-point list of the information characterizing the Whig Party. 33. Discuss the Panic of 1837 and the beginnings of the labor movement. 34. What characterized the election of 1840? What issues were prominent? Monday, November 2: Unit Three Review Tuesday, November 3: UNIT THREE TEST Review Questions for Unit Three: A) B) C) D) E) F) G) What elements contributed to the economic growth of the U.S. during this period? How and why did the life of the working class change in this period? What effect did the revolution in transportation have on American society, economics, and politics? How was democracy broadened during this period? Who benefited and who didn’t? In what ways was the presidency expanded by Jackson? How did reform movements give previously excluded voices an arena to discuss issues and grievances? What kinds of institutions and cultural developments established a national identity and American culture?