# EX13-3

```Exercise 13-3 (30 minutes)
1. No, the housekeeping program should not be discontinued. It is actually
generating a positive program segment margin and is, of course,
providing a valuable service to seniors. Computations to support this
conclusion follow:
Contribution margin lost if the housekeeping
program is dropped .....................................................
\$(80,000)
Fixed costs that can be avoided:
Liability insurance ........................................................
\$15,000
37,000
52,000
Decrease in net operating income for the
organization as a whole................................................
\$(28,000)
Depreciation on the van is a sunk cost and the van has no salvage value
since it would be donated to another organization. The general
administrative overhead is allocated and none of it would be avoided if
the program were dropped; thus it is not relevant to the decision.
The same result can be obtained with the alternative analysis below:
Current
Total
Difference:
Net
Total If
Operating
HouseIncome
keeping Is Increase or
Dropped (Decrease)
Revenues .......................................................................
\$900,000 \$660,000 \$(240,000)
Less variable expenses ...................................................
490,000
330,000
160,000
Contribution margin........................................................
410,000
330,000
(80,000)
Less fixed expenses:
Depreciation* ..............................................................
68,000
68,000
0
Liability insurance ........................................................
42,000
27,000
15,000
115,000
78,000
37,000
180,000
180,000
0
Total fixed expenses .......................................................
405,000
353,000
52,000
Net operating income (loss) ............................................
\$ 5,000 \$(23,000) \$ (28,000)
*Includes pro-rated loss on disposal of the van if it is donated to a
charity.
Exercise 13-3 (continued)
2. To give the administrator of the entire organization a clearer picture of
the financial viability of each of the organization’s programs, the general
that should be deducted from the total program segment margin.
Following the format introduced in Chapter 12 for a segmented income
statement, a better income statement would be:
Total
Home
Nursing
Meals on
Wheels
Housekeeping
Revenues .......................................................................
\$900,000 \$260,000 \$400,000 \$240,000
Less variable expenses ...................................................
490,000 120,000 210,000 160,000
Contribution margin........................................................
410,000 140,000 190,000
80,000
Less traceable fixed expenses:
Depreciation ................................................................
68,000
8,000
40,000
20,000
Liability insurance ........................................................
42,000
20,000
7,000
15,000
salaries .....................................................................
115,000
40,000
38,000
37,000
Total traceable fixed
expenses .....................................................................
225,000
68,000
85,000
72,000
Program segment margins ..............................................
185,000 \$ 72,000 \$105,000 \$ 8,000