WHAT SHOULD I KNOW ABOUT MACROMOLECULES What atoms and ions are important to living things? Give their symbols: (EX: C = carbon; Na+ = sodium) Which 4 MACROMOLECULES are important to living things? carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids What is a monomer? What is a polymer? Examples of Each Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids Functions of each Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids Indicator tests for each Carbohydrates Starch Simple Sugar (mono or disaccharide) Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids - No Test for DNA or RNA What makes water important to cells? Which parts of a phospholipid molecule are polar? What parts are Non-polar? What is the difference between hydrophobic and hydrophilic molecules and how do they act? Enzymes belong to what group of macromolecules? Sketch a Carbohydrate – Remember the Shape Sketch a Protein – Remember N-C-C Sketch a Lipid – Remember the hydrocarbon chain – NO OH’s only H’s How is DNA different from RNA? Sketch a Nucleiotide – Remember 3 parts What is ATP? Sketch an ATP Which macromolecules are important in making cell membranes?