Study Guide #2 Digestive System Nutrients: How much should you have from each food group? Do you normally eat like this? How much water should you drink? What happens if you eat too much carbohydrates? What are the 6 nutrients? Why do you need carbohydrates? Why do you need proteins? Why do you need minerals? Etc. Lab #2: peristalsis, mucus, digestive organs; How does food move from one organ to another? Which organs does food actually go through? Organs: Be able to identify all the digestive organs and be able to tell what each organ does to digest food. Lab #3: Know and understand how to test for sugar and starch. Know results of this lab. Lugols/Benedict what do you do? Lab #4: Amylase—what does it do? Where is it found? What is it? Know the results of lab 4 and understand the results. Mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, saliva, bolus, enzymes, epiglottis, esophagus, trachea Pictures in the book that describe starch/sugar process Lab #5: What gets digested in the stomach? What is pepsin? What is HCl? What is gastric juice? What needs to happen for protein to be digested? Lab #6: Understand lab lab and results. Active transport, passive transport, examples of both types of transport. Where does this happen? Why do we want this to happen? Where does most chemical digestion take place? What does bile do? Where is it created? Where is it stored? What does pancreatic juice do? Know and understand pictures in the book that describe passive and active transport. Lab #7: What was the point of lab 7? How do you find surface area? Why does the small intestine have a large surface area? What does the large intestine do? What are villi and microvilli?