Causes of the Great War: Origins of World War I Alliances Agreements between nations to provide aide & protect one other * * * * 1871: Prussia unites 39 Germanic states into German Empire * Took Alsace-Lorraine territory from France Germany allied with Italy and Austria-Hungary * 1882: Triple Alliance Triple Alliance wanted influence in Southeast Europe * * Russia supported Slavs Russia worried about invasion 1894: Franco-Russian Alliance Militarism Aggressive build-up of armed forces to intimidate or threaten other countries * * * * Britain had traditionally been the premiere naval power in the world 1898: Germany builds large, modern navy Early 1900s, Germany and Britain raced to build warships an entente cordiale – a friendly understanding * Britain, France, & Russia become Triple Entente Militarism & Alliances led to Triple Alliance v. Triple Entente Imperialism Political and economic takeover of a country by a stronger one. * * * * All great powers were competing for colonies/territory Britain, France, and Germany needed foreign resources to compete during the Industrial Revolution. All battling for control of Africa. Russia and Austria-Hungary were in a battle for control of the falling Ottoman Empire (Balkan states) Nationalism Feeling of intense pride in one’s homeland * * * * * Austria-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires had ruled the Balkans Groups pushed for independence: * Serbs, Bosnians, Croats, Slovenes Serbia gains independence 1908: Bosnian crisis Tensions between Austria-Hungary and Serbia were high The Spark… The Assassination * * Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary assassinated by a member of a Serbian nationalist group called the “Black Hand” July 28, 1914: Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia Alliances Are Triggered = Europe is at War Let’s recap… Alliances & Militarism, Imperialism & Nationalism were the M.A.I.N. causes of World War I. Resources Appleby, J., A. Brinkley, A. Broussard, J. McPherson, and D. Ritchie. The American Vision Modern Times. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Glencoe, 2008. Print. “Explosion Montage." youtube.com. Web. 23 Jul 2010. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IdkAgP_nDg4>. "Images." World War I. Web. 23 Jul 2010. <http://rb3091.k12.sd.us/event/causes.htm>. “Uboats in Kiel." uboat.net. Web. 23 Jul 2010. <http://www.uboat.net/history/wwi/part1.htm>. “British Grand Fleet." cityofart.net. Web. 23 Jul 2010. <http://www.cityofart.net/bship/dreads_directory.html>.