Chapter 7 Ancient Rome Section 1 The Geography of Ancient Rome Vocabulary p. 161 1. Basin – An area of low – lying land surrounded by higher land. 2. Rome – The capital of Italy and the former center of the ancient Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. 3. Sicily – An Italian island off the Southwestern tip of the Italian Peninsula. 4. Alps – A major European mountain range, extending in an arc from the Mediterranean coast to the Balkan Peninsula. 5. Apennines – A mountain range that extends down the Italian Peninsula. 6. Gaul – Historical name for region that is part of modern France. Building Skills Vocabulary p. 164 7. Contour Map – A map that shows the shape of the land and gives detailed information about the earth’s surface. 8. Contour Line – A line on a contour map that connects areas of the same elevation. 9. Altitude – Height above sea level. 10.Relief – The variation in elevation of an area of the earth’s surface; description of the roughness of land.