Chemistry Measurement Name :

Date :

A. Use chapter 1 as a reference to answer the following questions:

1. The ___________________ system is a system of measurement established in France in 1790.

2. The ___________________ ____________ ( or _____ system) is the system of standards of measurement used by scientists worldwide today.

3. State the basic metric (or SI) units for the following measurements:

_______________ : length

___________ , ________ : volume

_______________ : mass

_______________ : energy (heat)

_______________ : temperature

4. Match the metric prefix with its meaning and symbol

_____ kilo a. one-thousandth(10

-3

)

_____ nano b. one-hundredth(10

-2

)

_____ deci c. one-billionth(10

-9

)

_____ centi d. one-millionth(10

-6

_____ micro e. one-tenth(10

-1

)

_____ milli f. one thousand(10

5. Distinguish between mass and weight.

3

)

) g. k h. c i. n j. d k.

u

l. m

6. Does an object in space (away from all gravitational forces) have mass or weight or both?

7. ____________________ is the ratio of the mass of an object to its volume.

8. A chunk of copper metal has a mass of 46.76 g and a volume of 5.22 cm

3

. What is its density?

A e

9. What is the mass of a sample of aluminum which has a density of 2.70 g/cm

3

and a volume of 33.0 cm

3

?

10. What is the volume of a sample of lead which has a mass of 44.5 g and a density of

11.4 g/cm

3

?

11. Compare the Kelvin and Celsius temperature scales using the following reference points :

Kelvin Celsius

_______ absolute zero ________

_______ freezing point of water ________

_______ boiling point of water ________

16.

17.

14.

15.

12. Convert the following temperature measurements between the Celsius and Kelvin scales : a. _____ K = 20.0 ºC b. _____ ºC = 40 K c. _____ K = 45.2 ºC d. _____ ºC = 12.0 K

k ilo- = 1000

Conversions

1 kg = 1000 g

centi- = 1/100

1000 mg = 1 g

1 km = 1000 m 100 cm = 1 m

1 kL = 1000 L 1000 mL = 1 L

milli- = 1/1000

1 mL = 1 cm

3

1000 mm = 1 m 1 L = 1 dm

1 cm = 10 mm

3

## Solve each of the following problems.

13.

Determine the number of mm in 1600 m.

Determine the number of m in 1600 mm.

Determine the number of mm in 14.3 cm.

How many seconds are in 4.3 years?

Convert 2875 cm

3

to liters.

18.

The density of lead (Pb) is 11.34 g/cm in kg/dm

3

.

3

. Find the density of Pb

19.

Convert 5.2 cm of magnesium (Mg) ribbon to mm of Mg ribbon.

8. Convert 0.049 kg sulfur (S) to g of S.

20.

Convert 0.020 kg of tin (Sn) to mg of Sn.

21.

22.

Convert 150 mg of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) to g of aspirin.

Convert 2500 mL of hydrochloric acid (HCl) to L of HCl.

23.

A metallurgist is making an alloy that consists of 325 g of chromium (Cr) and 2.5 kg of iron (Fe). Find the total mass of the mixture in kg.

24.

How many mL of water (H

2

O) will it take to fill a 2 L bottle that already contains 1.87 L of H

2

O?