Matter Unit Test Review 1. Which state of matter has definite shape and definite volume? 2. Which state of matter has no definite volume or no definite shape? 3. Which state of matter has particles with the greatest amount of K.E.? 4. Which state of matter has the greatest volume for a given number of particles? 5. What are the two main divisions of matter? 6. What are the two main divisions of mixtures? 7. What is the smallest unit of an element? 8. What is the smallest unit of a compound? 9. What type of mixture can be easily picked apart or separated? 10. What is the only true homogeneous mixture? 11. Which temperature scale has 0 and 100 based on physical properties of water? 12. Which of the following is the largest in terms of particle size. 13. What is the international unit of weight? 14. In which state of matter do the particles of a substance have the least attraction for each other? 15. In which state of matter does a given amount of a substance typically have the least density? 16. Attraction between particles of the same substance is known as 17. What two factors are related in Boyle’s law? 18. Are the factors in Boyle’s Law directly or inversely related? 19. What two factors are related in Charles’ law? 20. Are the factors in Charles’ Law directly or inversely related? 21. What is the International (SI) unit for force? 22. What is the English unit for force? 23. How many Newtons are in a pound? (Write in the number) 24. What is the SI unit for pressure? 25. Does the temperature of a substance change while it changes from a liquid to a gas? (Yes or No) 26. Is there a direct or inverse (D or I) relationship between solvent temperature and the solubility of a solid solute? 27. Is there a direct or inverse (D or I) relationship between solvent temperature and solubility of a gas solute? 28. Is there a direct or inverse (D or I) relationship between solubility of a gas solute and the pressure of that gas over the solvent? 29. Are solutions always liquids? (Yes or No) 30. Is the water molecule polar or nonpolar? 32. Do particles in solids move? 33. Why does ice expand when freezing? 34. What type of property is solubility? (P or C?) 35. What type of property is reactivity? (P or C?) 36. What type of property is conductivity? (P or C?) 37. What are the two main components of a solution? 38. Archimedes’ principle states that the buoyant force on an object is equal to what? 39. What is the term for the amount of energy needed to change a given amount of liquid to gas? 40. What is the term for the amount of energy needed to change a given amount of solid to liquid? 41. What is the SI (International) unit of pressure? 42. What does the general rule of solubility state? 43. Anything that has mass and takes up space is defined as what? 44. The tendency for particles to spread apart when heated is known as what? 45. What temperature scale should you use when doing gas law problems? 46. What is the ability to be pounded into a thin sheet without breaking apart? 49. What is the fundamental difference, in terms of particles, between a physical change and a chemical change? 50. Write the equation for Boyle’s Law. 51. Write the equation for Charles’ Law. 52. Write the combined gas law. 53. Explain the difference between cohesion and adhesion. 54. What are two major differences between crystalline and amorphous solids? 55. What is 1 atm of pressure in inches Hg? mm Hg? Pa? lb/in2? 56. What is the formula for calculating pressure? 57. What do particles do to cause pressure against a surface? If a gas has a volume of 10 L and a pressure of 10,000 Pa at a temperature of 100 K, what will the new volume be at 30,000 Pa and 300 K? Also, be able to clearly label and explain a description of Bernoulli’s, Pascal’s and Archimedes’ principles. You can use your own example if you wish or use the examples I used in class such as: Bernoulli’s – a curving baseball, the Bernoulli spitter, the blowdryer and ping pong ball Archimedes’ – a ship, a sinking rock Pascal’s – the Pascal diver (test tube in a bottle), a hydraulic jack 60. Using the concepts of polar and non-polar, draw or explain how soap particles work to help water remove oil. 61. Explain the difference between cohesion and adhesion. 62. Use the concepts of particles, pressure, heat of fusion, heat of vaporization, kinetic energy and energy transfer to explain what happens to the water and nitrogen in Mr. Kramer’s Nitrogen Bomb.