1 Standard 8.45 Lesson, Primary Documents and Study Island

Standard 8.45 Lesson, Primary
Documents and Study Island
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Printed: November 19, 2015
Chapter 1. Standard 8.45 Lesson, Primary Documents and Study Island
Standard 8.45 Lesson,
Primary Documents and Study Island
8.45 Analyze the relationship the United States had with Europe, including the influence of the Monroe
Doctrine (E,G,P)
( Pictured Above: Cartoon of the Monroe Doctrine)
The cartoon depicts Uncle Sam asserting dominance in the Western hemisphere while European nations looked on.
The Monroe Doctrine - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=miQFk1FMhfQ
from Mr. Gray’s History Class
The Monroe Doctrine was a U.S. policy introduced on December 2, 1823 that stated that further efforts by European
nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression
requiring U.S. intervention. The doctrine noted that the United States would neither interfere with existing European
colonies nor meddle in the internal concerns of European countries. The doctrine was issued at a time when nearly
all Latin American colonies of Spain and Portugal had achieved independence from the Spanish Empire (except
Bolivia, which became independent in 1825, and Cuba and Puerto Rico ). The United States, working in agreement
with Britain, wanted to guarantee no European power would move on these newly independent countries.
President James Monroe first stated the doctrine during his seventh annual State of the Union Address to Congress. It
became a defining moment in the foreign policy of the United States and one of its longest-standing tenets. It would
be invoked by many U.S. statesmen and several U.S. presidents, including Theodore Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy,
Ronald Reagan, and others.
The intent and impact of the Monroe Doctrine persisted with only minor variations for almost two centuries. Its
primary objective was to free the newly independent colonies of Latin America from European intervention, ensuring
that the New World would not become a battleground for the Old World. The doctrine put forward that the New
World and the Old World were to remain distinctly separate spheres of influence for they were composed of entirely
separate and independent nations.
The Doctrine
Lesson on the Monroe Doctrine — https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hjtziqQ3rnM
The full Monroe Doctrine is long and couched in diplomatic language, but its essence is expressed in two key
passages; the first is part of its introductory statement:
"The occasion has been judged proper for asserting, as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United
States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed
and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers."
The second key passage, a fuller statement of the doctrine, is addressed to the "allied powers" of Europe (that is,
the Holy Alliance); it clarifies that the United States remains neutral on existing European colonies in the Americas,
but is opposed to "interpositions" that would create new colonies among the newly independent Spanish-American
"We owe it, therefore, to candor and to the amicable relations existing between the United States and those powers to
declare that we should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as
dangerous to our peace and safety. With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European power we have not
interfered and shall not interfere. But with the governments who have declared their independence and maintained
it, and whose independence we have, on great consideration and on just principles, acknowledged, we could not
view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing them, or controlling in any other manner their destiny, by any
European power in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States."
Chapter 1. Standard 8.45 Lesson, Primary Documents and Study Island
6a. War of 1812
6b. Changing Boundaries and Diplomatic Relations
Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read:
excerpts from the Monroe Doctrine - http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=23