The causes of the First World War (1) TA SK SH EE T Part 1 (Lesson 1) Basing your work on what you have been learning and using various available resources: 1. Make a mind map to illustrate the underlying causes of the First World War. 2. Draw a map of Europe in 1914 to show examples of nationalism, imperialism, militarism and alliances in each country. 3. Now add the information from your map of Europe to your mind map. Part 2 (Lesson 2) With a partner, work out and explain the following in your exercise book. Write in full sentences and use a variety of resources: 1. Why several European countries formed alliances. 2. How the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 affected the relationship between France and Germany. 3. How some of the four long-term causes helped to increase the likelihood of war. 4. Which of the long-term causes was the greatest threat to peace. Useful resources http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/bismarck_otto_von.shtml http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/bismarck.htm http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wilhelm_kaiser_ii.shtml http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/wilhelmii.htm http://www.ww1-propaganda-cards.com/sarajevo_murder.html http://www.worldwar1.com/index.html • It is useful for students to have some background on Kaiser Wilhelm (his grandmother was Queen Victoria; cousin King George V; born with a withered arm and possible brain damage; he was energetic and enthusiastic, but unpredictable; he had a cold family background and was ambitious for Germany) and Otto von Bismarck (from the Prussian aristocracy; changed from being an atheist to being very religious; heavy drinker in his youth; also known as the ‘Iron Chancellor’ as founder and first chancellor of the German Empire; great diplomat, but also extremely ambitious for Germany) • All students should investigate how and why each country built up their armies and navies – was the arms race justified? Individual governments said that it was to prevent war, but in reality it caused serious financial difficulties for all governments involved. • European Military spending and the size of their armies, 1913–14: Country Italy Soldiers Money spent in millions 750,000 10,000,000 Russia 1,250,000 15,500,000 Austria 750,000 22,500,000 Germany 8,250,000 60,000,000 France 1,500,000 40,000,000 Britain 750,000 50,000,000 http://education.hodge2.continuumbooks.com © Susie Hodge (2010) Resources for Teaching History 14–16. London: Continuum.