The Unification of Germany I. WHAT IS NATIONALISM? II. ORIGINS OF GERMAN NATIONALISM A. Who caused German nationalism to increase during the 1800s? B. What did the Congress of Vienna do that angered German people? III. A FAILED ATTEMPT AT GERMAN UNITY A. What did the Frankfurt Assembly do? B. Why did Frederick William IV refuse to be made king? IV. BISMARCK – ARCHITECT OF GERMAN UNIFICATION A. What kingdom did Bismarck represent? B. What title was he given? By whom? C. What is realpolitik? D. What did he mean when he said that his country had to be unified through “iron and blood?” V. PHASE I: IRON AND BLOOD A. Who did Prussia fight against in their first war of unification? B. Who was their partner in this first war? C. What did Prussia win? D. Who did they attack in the 2nd war? E. Why? F. Who did they attack in the 3rd war? G. How did Bismarck start this war? H. What country did Bismarck help to create through these wars? VI. GERMANY: THE SECOND REICH A. What does the term “Reich” mean? B. Who was the Kaiser? What does the word “Kaiser” mean? VII. PHASE II: INDUSTRIALIZATION A. What factors led to Germany’s industrial growth? VIII. EARLY DOMESTIC PROBLEMS A. Why did Bismarck attack the Catholic Church in Germany? B. What was his attack called? C. Was it successful? D. Why did Bismarck attack socialists in his country? E. Was it successful? F. What happened to Bismarck in the end? G. What did Kaiser William II mean when he said, “There is only one master in the Reich and that is I”? IX. This newly created, powerful Germany will eventually attempt to exert some of its muscle and help to cause __________________________________.