GLOSSARY OF FILM SHOTS Boom shot. A shot taken from a crane. Close shot. Also known as "CS". (1) Unlike the far shot, a shot in which the camera is (or thanks to a long lens, appears to be) near the subject. (2) A shot whose field of view is slightly broader than that of the close-up; in terms of the human figure, the head and upper chest might fill the frame. Close-up. A shot whose field is very narrow: in terms of the human figure, a face or hand might fill the frame. Establishing shot. (1) A long shot, early in a movie or scene, that shows where action takes place. (2) Any shot that introduces a location. Extreme close-up. Also known as "ECD", "tight close-up." A shot with a very narrow field of view; the camera appears to be extremely close to the subject. In terms of the human figure, an eye or mouth might fill the frame. Extreme long shot. Also known as "ELS." A shot with a very broad field of view; the camera appears to be extremely far from the subject. A human figure might be less than one tenth the height of the frame. Far shot. Unlike the close shot, a shot in which the camera is or appears to be distant from the subject. Freeze-frame. A sudden cessation of movement created by the continual reprinting of the same frame. Full shot. Also known as "FS:' A medium long shot that offers a relatively complete view of the set and shows the human figure from head to foot. Long shot. Also known as "LS", "far shot." A shot that gives a wide, expansive view of the visual' field; the camera appears to be far from the subject. In terms of the human figure, a person might be less than half the height of the frame. Master shot. A long take, usually a full or long shot, that covers all the major action of a scene and into which closer or more specific views usually are intercut. Medium long shot. Also known as "MLS". A shot whose field of view is narrower than that of a long shot but broader than that of a medium shot. See "full shot." Medium shot. Also known as "mid-shot," "MS." (1) A shot whose field of view is midway between those of the close shot and the far shot. (2) More precisely, a shot whose field of vies is midway between those of the close ... up and the full shot. In terms of the human figure, a view from head to thighs might fill the frame. Mise-en-scéne. The atmosphere, setting, decor, and texture of shot. The way a scene has been designed and staged for the camera. Pan. (1) To pivot the camera horizontally, turning it from side to side. (2) Also "panning show" and "panoramic shot." A shot within which the camera pivots on a vertical axis, turning in a horizontal plane. POV shot. Point-of-view shot, also known as "subjective camera." A shot in which the camera adopts the vantage point of a character's physical eye or literal gaze, showing what the character sees. Reaction shot. A cutaway or reverse shot, usually a close-up or close shot, that shows how one or mere characters react to an off screen action, usually one that has been shown in the proceeding shot. Reverse-angle shot. Also known as "reverse shot". (1) A shot that reversed the field of view over a cut, as if the camera had turn 180° to rear. (2) One is a series of alternating, complementary views (a "shot/reverse-shot" pattern) whose angles are usually separated by 120160°; often used for conversations. Scene. (1) A dramatic action or interaction that takes place in a single location. (2) A complete unit of action that is capable of being covered in a single shot, regardless of how many shots are actually used to cover it. (3) The shot( s) in which a scene is presented. Shot. A continuously exposed series of frames, beginning and ending with a cut or other transitional device. (2) A take. (3) In animation and special effects, a series of individual or composite frames that gives the impression of having been continuously exposed. Superimposition. Multiple exposure; printing or shooting one image over another. Take. (1) An unedited shot, beginning when the camera starts exposing film and ending when the camera stops. (2) An attempt to photograph a shot: the attempt that prove satisfactory are·approved for printing. Track shot. Also known as "tracking shot," "trucking shot." (1) A shot taken from a camera platform whose steel wheels ride on steel rails ("tracks"); characterized by smooth movement along straight lines and relatively gentle curves. (2) Any shot in which the camera moves ("tracks") forward, backward, to the side, diagonally, along a curve, or across the ground; the term excludes shots taken from a crane or plane-as well as pans, tilts, and zooms, which are not moving-camera shots. (3) A track shot taken from a dolly; often characterized by complex movements it would be almost impossible to layout in steel and by the absence rails on the floor. Also know as "dolly shot." Two-shot. A shot of two people. Wipe. A transitional effect in which one image appears to push another off the screen (the moving boundary between the images is the "wipe line") or in which parts of one shot are removed while parts of the next shot appear in their place. Zoom. To adjust the focal length of a zoom lens while the camera is running; also a shot taken while the zoom is being adjusted. As the focal length is shortened (a "zoom out" or "backward zoom"), the lens behaves more like a wide-angle lens, exaggerating depth relationships, decreasing magnification, and widening the field of view so that the camera appears to move away from the subject; as the focal length is increased (a "zoom in" or "forward zoom"), the lens behaves more like a telephoto lens, flattening depth relationships, increasing magnification, and narrowing the field of view so that the camera appears to move closer to the subject.