Unit 10 Exam: Social Psychology

Unit 10 Exam: Social Psychology •
43 questions on Social Psychology; 27 review questions (49 minutes) There will be one FRQ (25 minutes). Friday, March 8 (B-­‐Day) and Monday, March 11 (A-­‐Day) Unit 10 covers Chapter 18 (pages 722-­‐772) There are 38 vocab terms (on page 772). Vocabulary can be found at the end of each chapter under the heading “Terms & Concepts to Remember.” Vocabulary terms and their definitions must be handwritten in your composition book. Composition books will be collected before the test. Social Psychology Attributing Behaviors to Persons or Situations Attributional Theory (explains why we do things) Fundamental attribution error Attitudes (how do they develop?) Foot-­‐in-­‐the-­‐door theory Role-­‐Playing (like Zimbardo’s experiment) Conformity & Obedience Asch’s experiments and theories on conformity (strongest when: there are more than 3 people in the group, the group is unanimous, you admire the group, you are insecure, you are being observed) Chameleon effect and Suggestibility (people act similarly because of our influence on one another) Cognitive dissonance Operant conditioning and social behavior
Normative social influence Informational social influence Milgram’s experiment on obedience Zimbardo’s prison experiment
Group Influence Individual behavior in the presence of others Social facilitation Social inhibition Social loafing (belief is others will pick up the slack) Deindividuation
Effects of group interaction Group polarization (put people of common beliefs together – their beliefs become even stronger) Groupthink The power of individuals Self-­‐fulfilling prophecy Social Relations Prejudice Scapegoat theory Stereotypes Just-­‐world phenomenon Ingroup bias (you believe your group is better) Hindsight bias
Aggression Aggression – TV’s impact Social scripts (when we find ourselves in new situations, uncertain how to act, we rely on Operant conditioning and Modeling social scripts provided by our culture) Frustration-­‐aggression principle Conflict Social traps Mirror-­‐image perceptions (“As we see them, they see us.”) Attraction Primacy effect – impression formation Types of love Role of physical attraction Self-­‐disclosure
Mere exposure effect Altruism Bystander effect / Diffusion of responsibility / Kitty Genovese case Reciprocity norm Superordinate goals CLASSIC STUDIES OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Asch’s conformity study (line length) Zimbardo’s prison study (importance of roles) Milgram’s study of conformity (administering Kitty Genovese case
electric shocks – importance of authority) REVIEW HISTORY & APPROACHES (Unit 1) Behavioral (Watson and B.F. Skinner) Psychodynamics (Freud) Cognitive Perspective Neuroscience Perspective BIOLOGICAL BASES OF BEHAVIOR (Unit 2) Sympathetic v. parasympathetic NS Occipital Lobe SENSATION & PERCEPTION (Unit 3) Difference threshold Weber’s Law Opponent-­‐Process Theory Young-­‐Helmholtz Theory CONSCIOUSNESS (Unit 4) Sleep Stages (What happens in each stage) Brain waves (associate brain waves with a stage) LEARNING (Unit 5) Classical conditioning (NS–UCS-­‐UCR-­‐CS-­‐CR) Classical vs. Operant Conditioning Reinforcement / Punishment COGNITION (Unit 6) Spacing effect Serial position effect Semantic (meaningful) encoding Iconic memory Experiments Random Sampling Random Assignment Correlational Studies Brain imaging (EEG, MRI, fMRI, PET scan, CT scan) Nature vs. Nurture (inherited traits vs. learned traits) Prosopagnosia Cocktail Party Effect Figure Ground Perceptual Set Freud’s dream theories (latent vs. manifest content) Immediate vs. delayed reinforcement Observational Learning (Bandura) Skinner and Watson
Implicit (procedural) memory Mood-­‐congruent memory Chunking
MOTIVATION & EMOTION (Unit 7) James-­‐Lange Theory Cannon-­‐Bard Theory Two-­‐factor Theory DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (Unit 9) Assimilation and Accommodation Kubler-­‐Ross’ Stages of Grief (D.A.B.D.A.) Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development Teratogens (alcohol, nicotine and heroin)