Cherokee Blood Law - Trail Of Tears: The Cherokees

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Cherokee Blood Law
Date: 1829
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Boudinot, Elias
Ridge, John
Ridge, Major
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After undergoing the forced removal known as the Trail of Tears,
Cherokee Indians under John Ross invoked a tribal law known as the
Blood Law to execute Major John Ridge, his son, John, Elias
Boudinot, and others. The law had been created to punish those who
ceded Cherokee lands without the consent of the majority of the
Cherokee nation. The Ridges and Boudinot were executed for
signing the Treaty of New Echota in 1835.
Ridge, Major
Cherokee
Cherokee Blood Law (1829)
Cherokee General Council
Whereas; a law has been in existence for many years, but not
committed to writing, that if any citizen or citizens of this Nation
should treat and dispose of any lands belonging to this Nation without
special permission from the National authorities, he or they shall
suffer death;
Therefore; resolved, by the Committee and Council, in General
Council convened, that any person or persons who shall, contrary to
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the will and consent of the legislative council of this Nation in general
council convened, enter into a treaty with any commissioner or
commissioners of the United States, or any officers instructed for that
purpose, and agree to sell or dispose of any part or portion of the
National lands defined in this Constitution of this Nation, he or they so
offending, upon conviction before any of the circuit judges aforesaid
are authorized to call a court for the trial of any such person or
persons so transgressing.
Be it Further Resolved; that any person or persons, who shall violate
the provisions of this act, and shall refuse, by resistance, to appear at
the place designated for trial, or abscond, are hereby declared to be
outlaws; and any person or persons, citizens of this Nation, may kill
him or them so offending, in any manner most convenient, within the
limits of this Nation, and shall not be held accountable for the same.
Passed by the Cherokee General Council on October 24, 1829
Text Citation (Chicago Manual of Style format):
"Cherokee Blood Law." American Indian History Online. Facts On
File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE43&iPin=ind5801&SingleRecord=True (accessed
January 5, 2014).
Primary Source Citation (Chicago Manual of Style format):
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Cherokee General Council. "Cherokee Blood Law." American Indian
History Online. Facts On File,
Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE43&iPin=ind5801&SingleRecord=True (accessed
January 5, 2014).
Other Citation Formats:
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ItemID=WE43&iPin=ind5801&SingleRecord=True
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