Poem Explication Assignment Sonnet 42 The spring returns, the spring wind softly blowing Sprinkles the grass with gleam and glitter of showers, Powdering pearl and diamond, dripping with flowers, Dropping wet flowers, dancing the winter's going; The swallow twitters, the groves of midnight are glowing With nightingale music and madness; the sweet fierce powers Of love flame up through the earth; the seed-soul towers And trembles; nature is filled to overflowing. . . The spring returns, but there is no returning Of spring for me. O heart with anguish burning! She that unlocked all April in a breath Returns not . . . And these meadows, blossoms, birds, These lovely gentle girls--words, empty words, As bitter as the black estates of death! -Petrarch 1304-1374 Things to consider: When you explicate poetry, you want to consider both form and content. Elements of form include: genre, stanza divisions, rhythm, rhyme Elements of content include: personification, apostrophe, simile, metaphor, symbolism, alliteration, assonance, hyperbole, allusion, paradox, imagery, diction, connotation, metonymy You also need to consider speaker (persona), situation, tone, theme, mood, effect. Directions: Begin with a general statement about the poem’s overall message. Identify speaker and situation. Address matters of form in one-two sentences. Then go through the poem and “translate” it—explain what it says, sprinkle in short quotations, identify figures of speech and other poetic devices as you encounter them. Mention as many as you can find. End with a summary of the poem’s overall effect/purpose/message/importance. This essay must be typed and can be one long paragraph of about 1 to 1.5 pages. Reminders: Due Thursday April 8th in class. Use present tense. After quotations, put the line number in parentheses. Write in an objective, third-person POV. Avoid contractions and slang expressions. Proofread for spelling, grammar, punctuation .