CHAPTER 22 STUDY GUIDE 1. Who proposed the heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory? 2. What effects did the scientific revolution have on society? 3. Describe the neoclassical style. Provide an example. 4. How did the Declaration of Independence embody Enlightenment ideals? 5. How did the taxation problem in America differ before and after independence? 6. What of did the censors of the Catholic Church ban? 7. What would be an example of the influence of Enlightenment ideas in the 1700s? 8. How does the main character in Richardson’s Pamela reflect Enlightenment ideas? 9. Which philosophe contradicted the ideas in the U.S. Constitution? 10. How did Zacharias Janssen make Anton van Leeuwenhoek’s discoveries possible? 11. What did Andreas Vesalius and Voltaire both do? 12. What did American colonists protest as taxation without representation? 13. What beliefs did the Enlightenment promote? 14. Describe the law of universal gravitation? 15. How were Thomas Hobbes and Catherine the Great similar? 16. What did Frederick II support? 17. How did the Baroque style and the neoclassical style differ? 18. How did Montesquieu influence the U.S. Constitution? 19. What events (within the chapter) occurred after the American Revolution? 20. What is the correct sequence of steps used in the scientific process? 21. Describe the neoclassical style of art? 22. Who was Henry Fielding? 23. Who influenced the Bill of Rights? 24. Who wrote the D.O.I. 25. How did the philosophes influence Catherine the Great? 26. Describe baroque art and the time period it dominated. 27. What document/book explains the idea of direct democracy? 28. What did the philisophes, in general, all believe in? 29. What did Isaac Newton explain? 30. What was Francis Bacon responsible for developing?