INTRODUCTION TO EVOLUTION EXAM ESSAYS *What is the meaning and importance of multiple lines of evidence to whale evolution? Name three features that place whales with mammals and not with fish. Provide five pieces of evidence that demonstrate that whales descended from land dwelling animals. Summarize the diamond back rattlesnake story. Is it theoretically possible for all organisms on earth to be so perfectly adapted that evolution will cease? Explain your answer. Could the fossil record disprove that evolution has occurred? If so how? Explain Lamarck’s theory of evolution, and tell what he was right about and what he was wrong about. What is artificial selection? Give an example. What does it have to do with natural selection? Many people wrongly believe that the phrase “survival of the fittest” means the strong survive. What does this phrase really mean biologically? Why are vestigial structures better evidence of evolutionary change than perfectly adapted ones? How did Malthus, Lyell, and Adam Smith each influence Charles Darwin in his formation of his theory of natural selection? Be specific in showing how Darwin fashioned their findings to specific aspects of his theory. State the theory of natural selection in your own words. Illustrate the theory by using one of the following as an example - insect resistance to DDT, bacterial resistance to antibiotic, the peppered moth story.